Davies

THOMAS GENT

1724-1778.
The name of Thomas Gent has obtained a wider celebrity than that ofany other York typographer.* Author, printer, and artist;- hislabours extended over more than half a century, and during thatperiod many of the numerous productions of his pen, both in prose andverse, were printed at his own press, and embellished with engravingsexecuted by his own hand. His works are, for the most part, belowmediocrity, yet they possess a certain quaintness and eccentricity ofcharacter which are not without their charm. Some of histopographical publications are now of considerable value, as recordsof facts unnoticed by other writers, and containing descriptions ofobjects which have since disappeared.†
* See the Life of Mr. Thomas Gent printer, of York, written byhimself, 8vo. London, 1832. The original MS. was found among a numberof books from Ireland purchased by the late Mr. Thorpe, and waspublished under the editorial care of the late Rev. Joseph Hunter. Itis entirely in Gent's handwriting, and has been recently added to hisunrivalled collection by Mr. Hailstone, who has kindly allowed me theuse of it. Numerous passages omitted by Mr. Hunter explain andillustrate many points of the character and conduct of Gent.
† Gent's performances, Mr. Hunter remarks, "were not, like toomany modern books of topography, mere bundles of pillage from theworks of ingenious and painstaking authors, but contained matterhonestly collected, and not, before his time, made public by thepress." Life of Gent, p. 190, note.

Gent was born in Ireland, where his parents, who were in humble life,had been long settled, although, he tells us, England was hisfather's native country.‡
‡ Mr. Charles Knight's lively and instructive noticesof Gent, in his Shadows of the Old Booksellers, (8vo. London, 1865,)have to some extent anticipated my narrative of the events of hisearly life.

When about fifteen years of age he was put apprentice to Mr. Powell,a respectable Dublin printer. After he had served little more thanhalf his time, he happened to meet with an old schoolfellow who toldhim that he intended to take his passage on board a ship which wasbound for England, and Gent promised to accompany him. One reason forthus suddenly determining to abscond from his apprenticeship anddesert his parents was the severe treatment he received from hismaster, who, he says, was never content though he worked ever sohard. But a secret and more urgent motive influenced him in wishingto leave Ireland. The well-favoured youth had inspired with thetender passion a damsel who had been one of his master's servants,and she had pressed her claims upon him with so much ardour andpersistency that he was afraid of being drawn into a connection thatwould have been utterly ruinous to him.*
* MS. Life.

Without disclosing his intentions to his parents, and having but afew pence in his pocket, and no other clothing than his best suitwhich he had on his back, he secreted himself in the hold of the shipwhen on the eve of sailing from Dublin, and after a boisterouspassage was landed at Park-Gate. Thence he made his way to London;having on his journey, both by sea and land, experienced manyhardships and encountered many strange adventures.
It was in the month of August, 1710, that the young Irish printerfirst arrived in the great English metropolis. Of good person andpleasing address, with a moderate knowledge of the art he had beentaught, he soon obtained employment. His first master was EdwardMidwinter† of Pie Corner, Smithfield,‡ whose businesslay chiefly in printing pamphlets and broadsides for the hawkers.With him Gent worked steadily for more than three years.
† He was the brother of David Midwinter, a well-knownbookseller and publisher in St. Paul's Churchyard.
‡ Pie-Corner, West Smithfield, between Giltspur Street andSmithfield, noted chiefly for cooks' shops, and pigs drest thereduring Bartholomew Fair. See Cunningham's London, vol. ii. p. 662."The single-sheeted Pie-Corner Poet, who comes squirting out with anelegy in mourning for every great person that dies," is noticed byPhillips in the preface to his Theatrum Poetarum,1675.

[The royal martyr: or,the bloody tragedy of King Charles the First Who was barbarouslymurder'd by his own rebellious subjects the hypocritical Dissenters,before his palace gate at Whitehall, on the 30th of January, 1648. Tothe tune of, The King shall enjoy his own again. London: printed byThomas Gent, 1711. {UNC-CH}]

Afterwards he worked for one or two other printers in London, and wasthen content to obtain smouting work, that is, "labouring here andthere, without settlement." But he contrived to save out of hisearnings as much money as enabled him to purchase a small stock ofprinting tools which he thought "might be of service to him whenoccasion should require." He still kept up his intimacy with hisfirst master; and, after some months had passed, Midwinter mentionedto him that he had received a letter from Mr. White the printer ofYork, stating that he wanted a young man at the business. At thattime Gent declined to make any engagement; but it happened that soonafterwards one Isaac, a travelling hawker, was at York, and gave sofavourable an account of Gent that Mr White was induced to writeagain to Midwinter, offering the young printer 181. a year withboard, washing, and lodging. This offer was too tempting to berefused, and, with Mr. Midwinter's approval, Gent decided to go toYork.
He set off from London on Tuesday the 20th of April, 1714, andperformed the journey to York in six days, walking the greater partof the way. His amusing account of his first introduction to thevenerable York printer has been often quoted:—" The door wasopened by the head-maiden, who is now my dear spouse. She ushered meinto the chamber, where Mrs. White lay something ill in bed; but theold gentleman was at his dinner by the fireside, sitting in a noblearm-chair, with a good large pie before him, and made me partakeheartily with him. I had a guinea in my shoe-lining, which I pulledout to ease my foot, at which the old gentleman smiled, andpleasantly said it was more than he had ever seen a journeyman savebefore."*
* Gent's Life, p. 19.

Gent passed a year at York in the service of old John White. "I livedas happily as I could wish (he says) in this family." What greatlycontributed to his happiness was, doubtless, his successful courtshipof Alice Guy, Mrs. White's fair hand-maiden, who was destined to behis future wife Unfortunately, when the year had nearly expired, anitinerant Irish printer, passing through York, maliciously revealedthe secret of Gent having run away from his Dublin apprenticeship*This information lowered him in the eyes of his employers, and wasprobably the cause of his declining a renewal of his engagement whenit was proposed to him. On the 15th of May, 1715, Gent left York,after an affectionate parting from the "lovely young creature" AliceGuy, whose charms had captivated others as well as himself, andespecially his master's grandson, Charles Bourne.
* In the melancholy humour produced by this untowardcircumstance, Gent "attempted to invoke the muses." The result oftheir inspiration was a poem of six-and-thirty stanzas, which isinserted in his autobiography. See Life, p. 22.

His desire to see his parents again took him to Dublin, where he waswarmly welcomed. He readily found employment there, and might havesettled permanently in his native city, had he not been persecuted byhis old master Powell, who threatened him with legal proceedings forhaving absconded from his service. He therefore thought it prudent toleave Ireland privately once more, and having received a letter fromhis dearest at York, thither, "purely again to enjoy her company," heresolved to direct his course.
How long he remained at York, and whether he spent his time there inprinting for Mr. White or in dalliance with the fair Alice Guy, isnot recorded. In the year 1716 we find him again in London, carryingon a correspondence by letter with his "dear," and obtaining alivelihood by working for his former master, Midwinter.
In 1717 Gent was made a member of the Company of Stationers ofLondon, at their spacious hall in Warwick Lane; and on the ninth ofOctober in that year he was admitted to the freedom of the greatcity. It appears from the enrolment of his admission that he obtainedthese privileges by virtue of his service with Edward Midwinter,"citizen and stationer."*
* See Gent's Historia Compendiosa Anglicana, preface, p. 1,note.

Being now raised to the rank of a London citizen, he, somewhatungratefully, turned his back upon the Midwinters, expecting to meetwith more constant and profitable employment elsewhere. In thisexpectation he was disappointed. He had to take work at intervals,when he could get it, and was constrained sometimes even to labour atthe press, as work at case was not so brisk but that there wereenough of hands to perform it. At length he obtained an engagement inthe printing-house of Mr. William Wilkins in Little Britain, who wasthe printer of the Whitehall Evening Post, and of several otherLondon newspapers.† Here he wrought alternately at press andcase. The offer of better work as compositor in the office of Mr.John Watts,† a printer in Covent Garden, induced him to leaveMr. Wilkins.
† Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, vol. i. p. 300.
† Mr. Watts was a printer of eminence, and the partner of Mr.Jacob Tonson. Lit. Anec. vol. i. p. 292. It was in the office of Mr.Watts that Benjamin Franklin worked, during his stay in London.Knight, p. 80.

He was on the point of accepting the offer of a partnership in aprinting-house at Norwich, when a letter from his parents, tellinghim that they were very infirm and "extremely desirous to see himbefore they died," took him once more to his native country. Beforehe set off, he wrote a desponding letter to York, which appears tohave been intended to convey to his dear Alice Guy the impressionthat she must no longer indulge the hope of his being able "to fulfilthose tender engagements that had passed between them." Letters whichhe subsequently wrote to her, he acknowledges, were not "so amorouslyobliging as they ought to have been from a sincere lover." He did notstay long in Ireland, and on his return to London he was againemployed in the office of Mr. Watts. Whilst Gent was working for Mr.Watts, who was the favourite printer of the Whig party, he becameacquainted with Mr. Francis Clifton a printer who had set up a pressand published a newspaper at the Old Bailey. As Clifton was a RomanCatholic the political tendency of his newspaper may be readilyconjectured. Happening to want a hand, Gent indiscreetly ventured toassist him for a day or two. This being discovered, Gent says, wasvery ill interpreted, and lost him his place in Mr. Watts's office.Hence he was seduced by Clifton's offer of large wages to resolve"intirely to take his chance in his affairs."
Gent continued to work a considerable time for his new employer, whowas constantly in difficulties, and was at length driven to place hisgoods within the liberties of the Fleet, and enter himself as aprisoner there. But he still carried on a brisk trade, supplying the"wide-mouthed stentorian hawkers" with the ballads and broadsides, bythe sale of which they gained their livelihood; and such advantageousjobs flowed in upon him as gave him cause to be merry under his heavymisfortunes.
Gent gives an example of the dangerous character of the employmentwhich his master occasionally undertook. The printing of certainanonymous letters, written by a person of distinction, was intrustedto Clifton, and Gent worked upon them both as compositor and at thepress. When finished, the papers were packed up and placed underGent's care, and he and his master took them in a coach toWestminster, where they entered a large sort of monastic building,and were ushered into a spacious hall. They were seated near a largetable covered with an antique carpet of curious work, and a bottle ofwine was placed before them. Whilst they were regaling themselves, agrave gentleman in a black lay habit entered the room and entertainedthem with pleasant discourse, concluding with a strict injunctionthat they should observe the utmost secrecy as to the work in whichthey had been engaged.
Gent afterwards discovered that the monastic building to which he andhis master had been conducted was the Deanery at Westminster, andthat their hospitable entertainer was Dr Atterbury, Bishop ofRochester, who was already under the displeasure of the Government,although the prosecution against him for treasonable practices wasnot actually commenced.
Gent was not exclusively employed by Clifton as a compositor. He wassent to the Kingston Assizes, where "he carefully wrote down" reportsof the trials of several of the prisoners, and sent them to hismaster in the Old Bailey, who got them composed till Gent shouldreturn "with determinate acquittals or condemnation."
At length Clifton had become so much involved in difficulties thatGent, by the persuasion of his friends, quitted his service, andresumed his employment under his old master, Midwinter, with whom heremained some time, as he says, "happy enough."
He was now able to save money out of his earnings. He purchased asmany articles of furniture as would fill a larger room than the onehe had hitherto occupied under Mr Franklin, watchmaker, inFleet-Lane, and "found great comfort that he could live as he pleasedwhilst master of his own habitation." A friend "helped him to a goodpennyworth" in the purchase of some founts of letters which had beenused in printing Mist's Journal, and were designed for the furnaceMr. Mist, the editor, used him very courteously in the price that heset upon them, in regard of a paper which Gent had written, and wasprinted and sold, concerning his misfortunes, when he was prosecutedby the Government.* He added to his stock of type by purchasing afount of pica almost new, and that he might occasionally do a job ofhis own he bought a little press. In all this he professes to havehad in view the performance of the promise he had made to his dear atYork, although it is obvious that he had discontinued hiscorrespondence with her. He had the ambition to look forward tosetting up for himself in London, and had already obtained anassurance of having business from some of the booksellers. So he wenton increasing his stock of new type and other printing materials; butstill he worked with Mr. Midwinter.
* In June 1719 Mr. Mist, the editor of the newspaper calledMist's Journal, was under recognizance to appear and answer in thecourt of King's Bench, on a charge of printing seditious andtraitorous libels.

His imprudent connection with his late Jacobite master at length boreits fruits.
In January, 1721, Mr. Francis Clifton was taken into custody by aKing's messenger upon a charge of printing a treasonable ballad onthe birth of the young Pretender,* and the next day the messengerswent to his house and took away his wife and the rest of his family,together with his press and papers.
* His birth took place at Rome on the 31st December, 1720.

At the same time both Gent and his employer Midwinter had incurredthe suspicion of the Government. One night Gent had gone to restsuffering from a severe attack of illness. Soon after midnight,whilst he was asleep, his bedroom door was violently burst open by aKing's messenger, who dragged him out of bed, helped him to dresshimself, searched his pockets for papers, hurried him down stairsinto the street, which was filled with constables and watchmen, andthrust him into a coach, which was ordered to drive towards Newgate.On their way the coach was stopped near St. Sepulchre's Church, andGent was placed in a room of a public-house, and there closelywatched and guarded. Presently he was amazed to see his master, Mr.Midwinter, brought in as a prisoner and left in the room with him.Soon after others were brought in, and amongst the rest Mr. Cliftonalso. From thence they were taken to Manchester Court,† ahouse at Westminster, on the banks of the Thames, which appears tohave been at that time used for the temporary confinement of Stateprisoners.
† Now Manchester Buildings, on the site of Derby Houseformerly belonging to the Earls of Lincoln, and another large housebelonging to the Earls of Manchester, very pleasant towards theThames. Cunningham's Hand-book vol. ii. p. 513.

Here Gent was placed in an apartment alone, and "debarred fromfriends to see him, or the use of pen, ink, and paper, to write tothem." Within a few days afterwards the rigour of his confinement wasrelaxed, and at the end of three days more, "as nothing could beproved against him, he was honourably discharged." Gent had reason torejoice at his narrow escape. Not many months had passed since hestood near St. Sepulchre's Church in Newgate Street, and beheld ayoung brother printer drawn on a sledge to be executed at Tyburn forthe offence of printing a seditious libel, which was adjudged to behigh treason.*
* His brother printer was John Matthews, a youth of eighteen,who was tried and condemned at the Old Bailey. He was charged withprinting and publishing a seditious and traitorous libel, entitledVox populi Vox Dei, which asserted that the Pretender had anhereditary right to the Crown, and that all rights concur in him, andendeavouring to stir up the people to shake off the present arbitrarygovernment. The persons on whose evidence he was convicted were twoof his fellow-workmen who had been concerned in printing similarlibels. On the 6th of November, 1719, the unfortunate youth was drawnon a sledge from Newgate to Tyburn, where he was executed pursuant tohis sentence, except that the quartering of his body was dispensedwith by the favour of the Government. The fate of Matthews excitedmuch public sympathy. Six months afterwards one of the printers whowere witnesses against him died, and was to be buried at Islington. Amob arose and obstructed the funeral, causing so great a tumult thatthe next night a detachment of the Foot Guards was sent fromWhitehall to see the corpse buried and to preserve thepeace.

When Gent regained his liberty, he resumed his efforts to improve hisposition in the world. His stock of goods having increased he movedinto another house in Fleet Lane,† where he set up his pressand letters in a light room that was adjoining to the garden ofFleet-prison, and here he printed and published several works,employing assistants occasionally. He was sanguine enough to imaginethat he should soon be in a condition to invite his dear Alice Guy toshare his prosperity in London.
But one Sunday morning news was brought to him that Alice Guy wasmarried to his rival Charles Bourne. He was thunderstruck by thisunexpected intelligence. He felt the blow the more severely as hecould not but acknowledge that his own remissness was the cause.However, he soon recovered from the effects of "this greatdisappointment," and applied himself to business with increaseddiligence, sometimes working on his own account, and when work wasscarce seeking it where it was to be had.
† Fleet-Lane ran parallel with that part of Fleet-ditchwhich was between Bridewell Dock and Holborn.

During his residence in London, Gent had frequently displayed hisliterary talents and his love of authorship, and his productions werefrom time to time committed to the press.
An abridgment, into one volume, of the recently published "Life ofRobinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner," was one of his labours whilst hewas working for Midwinter.* His former master, Clifton, had printedfor him a little book he wrote, entitled Teague's Ramble, "a satireon some of his craft who had used him unkindly."† To relievehis deep concern upon Alice Guy's marriage, his old vein of poetryflowed in upon him, and he gave some vent to his passion in a copy ofverses which he entitled the Forsaken Lover's Letter to his formerSweetheart. He gave the poem to Mr. Dodd, a printer who had beenfriendly to him, and he sold thousands of them.
* The Life and most surprizing Adventures of Robinson Crusoe,of York Mariner. The whole three volumes faithfully abridg'd, and setforth with Cuts proper to the subject. London: printed by E.Midwinter, and sold by A. Bettesworth at the Red Lion inPater-Noster-Row; and M. Hotham, at the Black-Boy on London Bridge.1722. 12mo. pp. 376. [R. D.] Thirty wood-cuts on the letterpress, rudely executed from Gent's grotesque designs.
† Printed A.D. 1719. Reprinted by Owen, Univ. Mag. vol. i. p.194. MS. Life.

After he had a press of his own, he printed numerous Grub Streetballads, and other works of his own composition, which followed eachother in quick succession. Among them he mentions, A Collection ofSongs, proper for the Summer's Entertainment;A little book ofEmblems;—A Preparation for Death;—The Bishop ofRochester's Effigy; with some inoffensive verses that pleased allparties. The few last dying words of Christopher Layer, a barrister,who was executed for High Treason, he made into a large speech, whichhad a great run.
In 1724 he printed a Latin Ode on the return of King George the Firstfrom Germany; entitled Ad Cæsarem Britannicum èGermania redeuntem Ode. Londini, typis Thomæ Gent in vico vulgodicto Fleet-Lane, pro usu authoris ann. 1724.* This heundertook to oblige an old school-fellow who had studied physic inforeign parts, and commenced practising as doctor near the Minories.In the same year he printed and published a small volume, which, hesays, was the last work he did of any great consequence in London. Hedescribes it as a book of emblems in duodecimo, imitating the learnedHermenius Hugo of the Order of the Holy Jesus; and, " Mr. Hotham onLondon Bridge being partner, we ventured (he states) to print off athousand, which at this time seem to be nearly sold off."† Thefollowing is the title of the work:—
* This is the only tract printed by Gent whilst in London ofwhich he has recorded the title and impress. The library of theBritish Museum contains but a single example of the numerousBroadsides that issued from Gent's Fleet-Lane press. It is headedGod's Judgments; or the Plague of Marseilles; and consists of a longstring of doggrel verses, printed on coarse paper, within a border ofrudely executed wood-cuts; no date or imprint. In the B. M. cataloguethe verses are ascribed to "Thomas Gent a ballad writer." Theterrible Plague of Marseilles happened in 1720, and a poem with thattitle "By a person of Quality," was published in 1721

[God's judgments shewn unto mankind. Being a true ... relation ofthe sufferings of the inhabitants of the city of Marseilles inFrance, now under the ... calamity of the Plage, etc. [Inverse] Gent, Thomas. a Ballad Writer. [London? 1720] s.sh. fol.]

† Life of Gent, p. 143

DIVINE ENTERTAINMENTS: or Penitential Desires, SIGHS and GROANS ofthe Wounded Soul.
In two Books. Adorned with suitable cuts.
Have mercy upon me, O Lord! consider my trouble which I suffer ofthem that hate me, Thou that liftest me up from the gates ofdeath. Ps. ix. 13.
LONDON: Printed for M. Hotham, at the Black Boy on London Bridge andT. Gent, near the Two Fighting Cocks * in Fleet Lane.1724.†
12mo. pp. iv. 147. Table of Contents, 4 pages.
A wood-cut facing the title-page represents St. Agnes, with the lambat her feet, and a shepherd's crook in her left hand. W. Pennock,F. Beneath the cut, "London, printed by Tho. Gent." Forty-fivewood-cuts on the letter-press. The dedication to Her royal-highnessthe Princess of Wales is signed Thomas Gent.

In his preface, Gent adverts to the Pia Desideria of HermanHugo,† and the English translation of that work by EdmundArwaker,§ and he quotes the translator's remark that "Mr.Quarles ¶ had only borrowed the emblems to place them to a muchinferior sense." But he omits to acknowledge how much he was himselfa plagiarist from both Quarles and Arwaker. The illustrations of thetwo last books of Quarles's Emblems are engraved by Marshall andSimpson, and those of Arwaker's translation are executed on copper bySturt. All are servile imitations of the plates of the Flemish artistChristopher à Sichem, which adorn the original work of HermanHugo. The emblems used by Gent are represented in thirty-sevenwood-cuts, each of which is accompanied by two or three pages ofverses, paraphrasing the passage of Holy Scripture which is thesubject of the emblem. None of the wood-cuts of Gent are fromoriginal designs. All are implicitly copied either from the prints inHugo, or the imitations of them in Quarles and Arwaker, but mostprobably from the latter. The designs of the Flemish artist aresufficiently grotesque, but in the rude and coarse wood cuts of Gentthe grotesque is exaggerated to the absurd and ludicrous.
* This was probably the sign of a tavern where a cock-pit waskept. Gent tells us that when he had his press in Fleet-Lane he wasemployed for some time "with bills for the cock-pit., which were donetwice a week." Life, p. 140.
† I possess a copy of this work, which is exceedingly rare.Mr. Lilly, the eminent bookseller, never saw more than one copy ofit.
† The original edition of Hugo's work was published in 1628with this title:— " Pia Desideria Emblematis, Elegiis &affectibus S.S. Patrum illustrata. Authore Hermanno Hugone,Societatia Jesu. Ad Urbanum VIII. Pont. Max. Sculpsit Christophorusà Sichem, pro P. I. P. Typis Henrici Aertssenii,Antverpiæ. M.DC.XXVIII. The ninth edition is dated 1669.
§ Pia Desideria, or Divine Addresses, in three books. Written inLatine by Herman Hugo. Englished by Edm. Arwaker, M.A. 8vo. with 47plates engraved by Sturt. London, 1686. Second and third editionsappeared in 1690 and 1702.
¶ Emblems. By Francis Quarles. 12mo. London, 1643.

In the emblem which illustrates Psalm lxxiii. 24, "Whom have I inheaven but thee, and there is none upon earth that I desire incomparison of thee," Gent has introduced a representation of YorkMinster, and in the accompanying verses he thus apostrophises thenoble church under the shadow of which he was destined to pass thewhole of his future life :*—

On Earth, what blessings can the soul desire,
Than being animated by Heav'n's Fire ?
And where can she expect true peace to find,
Unless the Altar cures her wounded mind?
Thrice happy Places! dedicate to prayer,
Where God is found, our drooping souls to chear!
What Heavenly comfort, what cœlestial smiles,
Attend those sacred† venerable Isles!
How beautiful the antient work appears,
The wondrous labours of preceding years!
Such symmetry, so glorious in each part,
As must, at once, inspire and win the heart;
While painted windows, most divinely done,
Disperse fair colours, by the glorious Sun.
Happy fair Ebor, in her graceful charms,
A sure retreat from all infernal harms:
There learned Shepherds of Christ's flock remain,
Whose Heav'nly Souls are free from spot or stain;
Who wisely search into the cause of things,
By tracing Nature in her hidden springs.
Who view the splendent host of orbs above,
How vast their circles, and how swift they move;
What power directs their everlasting line,
By turns to seek the centre or decline;
What Second Cause Heav'n's high command performs
In horrid tempests and convulsive storms,
When in a fearful gloom, the clouds arise,
Blue lightnings flash, and thunders burst the Skies:
Why cold the fluid element restores
A harder substance, yet of wider pores:
Or, what more nearly touches human kind,
The Pow'rs and Nature of immortal Mind;
Which, only conscious of its being, knows
Th' eternal Spring from whence that being flows.
How laws their force and sanctity obtain,
How far extend, and what they should restrain;
Whence flow the rules which they themselves obey,
And guide deluded Mortals the right way;
Whose blest pursuits produce serene delight,
Endear past labours, and to new invite.
These are the Reverend Clergy of this land,
Who do, my God! before thy altar stand;
Whose Eloquence, in most endearing strains,
Persuades the soul to throw off Satan's chains,
And, by the power of thy Glorious Name,
Restores lost virtue, putting sin to shame.
O Heav'ns! but how my wand'ring fancy moves!
The Soul, without thy steady guidance, roves:
Inflam'd with love, spur'd on by sweet desire,
Nothing but you she does on Earth require.
O let thy Glorious Eyes but look on Me;
For whom have I in Heaven, My God! but Thee?
Both Heav'n and Earth can nothing to me grant;
If wanting You, I every thing do want:
Riches and Honours are but mean and poor,
If thy sweet presence adds not to our store.
The fertile mines, the deep and pearly strand,
Sun, Moon, and Stars, what's all without thyhand?
Thou art my All, my Comfort, while on Earth;
For, without Thee, alas! what's Life, but Death?
O King of Angels, most divinely fair,
Heav'n is not Heav'n without thy Presence there.

*Divine Entertainments, p. 122.
† In York Minster.

This extract may serve as a specimen of the poetical effusions ofGent's early days, and will remove all doubt as to the authorship ofthe Divine Entertainments.
But neither this more important work, nor the demands of the unrulyhawkers, sufficed to keep Gent's little press in constant employment,and he had occasionally to seek for work in other quarters. Mr. HenryWoodfall, who was the first of the race of eminent printers of thatname, carried on business near Temple Bar. He readily accepted theoffered services of Gent, who helped to finish the portion that Mr.Woodfall had taken from the booksellers, of a learned Dictionarycomposed of English, Latin, Greek, and Hebrew. Part of the same bookhad been undertaken by Mr. Samuel Richardson the printer in SalisburyCourt, who employed Gent, on Mr Woodfall's recommendation, to finishhis share of it. The "ingenious Mr. Richardson" had not then attainedthe high literary reputation he afterwards enjoyed as the author ofClarissa Harlowe and Sir Charles Grandison.
Gent was more fortunate than some of the printers who had been hisemployers. He seems, as Mr. Knight observes, to have exercised thehappy faculty of combining profit with safety. His earliest master,Midwinter, again fell into adversity. About the beginning of the year1723, whilst Gent was working for him, his circumstances became somuch embarrassed that he found it necessary, in order to prevent aseizure of his goods for debt, to remove himself with his family andproperty to a place called the Mint, a district in Southwark whichwas then a sanctuary for insolvent debtors.
The last person for whom Gent worked before his final departure fromLondon, was the widow of his late friend Mr. Dodd. In compliance withher husband's dying wish, Mrs. Dodd engaged Gent as an assistant inthe management of her printing-business. He found her printing-officein great confusion, and worked hard to convince the widow that he wasworthy of his hire. Whilst thus employed the susceptible youngHibernian had nearly fallen a victim to the charms of the fascinatingwidow. "Indeed (he says) she was a most agreeable person, and Ithought her worthy of the best of spouses, for sure there never couldbe a finer economist, or a sweeter mother to her dear children. Herconversation, agreeably to her fine education, almost wounded me withlove, and at the same time commanded a becoming reverence."
This day-dream was soon to be dissolved. Another widow stept in whohad a prior claim. News was brought to him of the premature death ofCharles Bourne of York, the husband of Alice Guy. "Your firstsweetheart," his informant said to him, "is now at liberty, and leftin good circumstances by her dear spouse, who deceased but oflate."
Gent did not hesitate. Perhaps his former flame was at oncerekindled. Perhaps the "good circumstances" of the recently madewidow threw some weight into the scale. He made a disingenuous excuseto Mrs. Dodd for his sudden departure; had his goods privately packedup and deposited in a warehouse, ready to be sent to him whenrequired; and hurried to York as fast as the stage-coach from theBlack Swan in Holborn could convey him, which brought him to hisdestination in four days' time. Here he once more greeted his dearestAlice, who was much changed from the blooming damsel he had wooed tenyears before. Although there was no need of a new courtship,propriety demanded a few weeks' delay, and some obstacles had to beovercome. But, when his goods had safely arrived from London, Gentobtained the widow's full consent, and their nuptials were celebratedin York Minster on the 10th of December, 1724, the same day that Dr.Lancelot Blackburne, late Bishop of Exeter, was there installedArchbishop of York.*
* Life of Gent, p. 149. Gent's beautiful niece, Mrs. AnneStandish, of whom he always speaks in terms of warm affection,thinking he was espoused before indeed he was, wrote to him from herfather's house at Dublin on the 27th of October, congratulating himupon his happy settlement with a virtuous wife, and regretting thatdistance had hindered her from dancing at his wedding and gettinggloves. Gent says that he answered the lovely damsel in the softestmanner, and gave her a kind invitation to his marriage, which in alllikelihood would be in a little time. She was then in a decliningstate of health, and only lived until the day after her uncle'smarriage was actually solemnized. MS. Life, fo.48.

Upon his marriage to the widow of Charles Bourne, Gent came intopossession of all the property which had belonged to her firsthusband. "From the late condition of a servant (he exclaims) was Ichanged to be a master! From a citizen of London, so much esteemedfor urbanity, I was become, through the virtue of twenty-sevenpounds, the like at York."† This feeling of complacency didnot long continue. He soon
† Life of Gent, p. 151. He obtained the freedom of theCity of York, by purchase, in 1724.

discovered that the condition of a master was not without itstroubles and anxieties. Even his union with the object of his earlyattachment was not productive of unalloyed happiness. He had marrieda widow, and he experienced the usual results of that bold adventure.He found her temper, he says, "much altered from that sweet naturalsoftness and most tender affection that rendered her so amiable tohim while he was more juvenile and she a maiden."*
Gent seems to have taken upon himself to exercise somewhatprematurely those rights of ownership which he was to acquire by hismarriage. The newspaper, called the York Mercury, begun by Mrs.White, and continued by Charles Bourne, in conjunction with ThomasHammond, Gent printed with a new title, and in his own name as thesole publisher, several weeks before he became the husband of Mrs.Bourne.
The following is the title of the first number issued by Gent:
Numb. I.
The ORIGINAL YORK JOURNAL, or WEEKLY COURANT, containing the mostremarkable passages and transactions at home and abroad.
From Monday November 16.
to Monday November 23.1724.
Printed by Thomas Gent, and are to be sold at the printing office inCoffee-House-Yard, York; where advertisements are takenin.†
He had afterwards reason to repent of having dissolved the connectionof the newspaper with Hammond,‡ the respectable bookseller,who had been one of the publishers from its commencement.
* Life of Gent, p. 152.
† A copy of No. I. which was presented to Sir Francis Freelingby Mr. William Blanchard, editor of the York Chronicle, is now in Mr.Hailstone's collection.
‡ "I found a newspaper printed, but utterly spoiled by beingcompiled by a mean-spirited, self-conceited Quaker, whom Idischarged." Life of Gent, p. 156.

Gent entered upon his career in the Northern metropolis with a fairprospect of worldly success. He had no rivals in his business. He wasthe sole typographer in the city and county of York. No other town inEngland, north of the Trent, except Newcastle-upon-Tyne, had aprinting-press or a local newspaper. But circumstances soon occurredwhich were converted by his irascible and impracticable temper intosources of permanent discontent and discomfort. At the outset heindiscreetly made an opponent of his wife's relative, Mr. John Whiteof Newcastle; who naturally felt much aggrieved when he saw that, byher hasty marriage, the business and property, which had originallybelonged to his father, were transferred to a stranger. " He had done(Gent says) all he could to prevent our marriage, and breathed forthlittle else than the most destructive opposition against us." By alittle timely submission Gent might have conciliated his wife's "barbarous uncle," but to this he disdained to stoop, and the resultwas that, within a twelvemonth after the marriage, Mr. Whitedetermined to commence the business of a printer at York. He set upthe sign of the Printing-press at an office near St. Helen's churchin Stonegate; whence in the month of August 1725 he issued the firstnumber of a weekly newspaper, to which he gave the title of " TheYork Courant." This, Gent says, " they cried up, and in the samebreath ran down mine, with that eager bitterness of spirit which theyhad instilled into them." As years passed on other presses were setup both at York and elsewhere, and Gent had the mortification to findthat his business gradually declined. As early as in the year 1728 hebegins to complain of going back in the world, " the opposition byour unmerciful uncle" being still continued against him.
Unfortunately, Gent did not practise the art of ingratiating himselfwith the persons among whom his lot was cast. It appears from his ownaccount of his daily walk and conversation, that he was in a constantstate of antagonism with many of his neighbours and acquaintance. Heindulges in using terms of coarse and unmeasured abuse, when speakingof persons whom he regards as having done anything offensive orinjurious to him. On many occasions he exhibits an acerbity of temperand a grossness of language which are highly discreditable tohim.
He continued, however, for more than forty years to exercise hiscalling with unceasing zeal and industry. Numerous are the workswhich during that period passed through his press. "Were any one toattempt," Mr. Hunter observes, to make a catalogue of them, he wouldfind it a harder task than ever bibliographer performed." *
* Life of Gent, p. 207.

Perhaps the following notices of the productions of Gent's York pressare a closer approximation to a complete account of them than anythat has hitherto been published:—

I.THE TRUE FOUNDATION of a NATION'S GREATNESS. A SERMON preached at theAssizes at York, March 7th, 1724, before Mr. Justice Tracy,
By Thomas Clarke, M.A. Chaplain to his Grace the Duke of Devonshire,Rector of Escrick, and Master of the Free-School at Kirk-Leatham.
Published at the desire of the Gentlemen of the Grand Jury.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, for Francis Hildyard, and sold by W.and J. Innys at the West End of St. Paul's Churchyard, and T. Longmanat the Ship in Pater-Noster-Row, London.
8vo. pp. 32. [E. H.]

[The Mutual Love betweenChrist and his Church, In Two Sermons, upon Canticles 2. V. 16. MyBeloved is Mine, and I am His, &c. By Jonathan Rose, A.M., Vicarof Sedbergh in Yorkshire.

York: Printed by Thomas Gent,1725, 16 pp., 48 pp. including 2 frontispieces and a separate titlepage for the second sermon. Collection of Frank J.Gent]


II.The ADVANTAGE of employing the POOR in useful Labour, and M1SCHIEF ofIDLENESS, or ill-judg'd Business. In a SERMON preach'd at St. Mary'sin Beverley, October 10, 1725. Before the Right Worshipful EdwardWilbert, Esq. Mayor; Joseph Bielby, Esq. Mayor Elect; FrancisBoynton, Esq. Recorder; the Worshipful Aldermen, and CapitalBurgesses of the said Town.
By Sam. Johnston, S.T.B. Vicar of St. Mary's, and Rector of St.Nicholas, united parishes in Beverley.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, for Richard Mancklin, and sold by Jamesand John Knapton, at the Crown in St. Paul's Church-Yard, London.
8vo. pp. 33. [R. D.]

[The duty of maintainingpublick work-houses for employing the poor. A sermon preach'd in theparish-church of the Holy Trinity in Kingston upon Hull. On Sunday,called Quinquagesima, February 20, 1725/6. By William Mason, ...Bodleian]


III
. A SPEECH deliver'd to theWorshipful and Ancient SOCIETY of FREE and ACCEPTED MASONS. At aGrand Lodge, held at Merchant's Hall, in the City of York, on St.John's Day, December the 27th, 1726.
The Right Worshipful Charles Bathurst, Esq. Grand Master.
By the Junior Grand-Warden

Olim meminisse juvabit

YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, for the Benefit ofthe Lodge.
8vo. pp. ii. 15. [R. D.]
* Charles Bathurst, Esquire, was High Sheriff of Yorkshire in1727. He was the last of the family of Bathurst of Clints, nearRichmond in Yorkshire.
The speech is dedicated by its anonymous author to Daniel Draper,Esq. afterwards known to the world as the Counsellor at Bombay, whosebeautiful wife was "the famous Eliza" of Yorick.†
† See Fitzgerald's Life of Sterne, vol. ii. ch. 10.

IV.TRUTH and SlNCERITY the CEMENT and SUPPORT of SOCIETY. An ASSIZESERMON preached in the Cathedral Church of St. Peter's in York.
March 12th, 1726, before the Honourable Mr. Justice Reynolds.
By Thomas Perrot, M.A. Rector of St. Martin-cum-Gregory in York,Prebendary of Ripon, and Chaplain to the Right Honourable John LordGower.
Published at the request of the Gentlemen of the Grand Jury.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, for Francis Hildyard; and sold by J.Osborn and T. Longman, at the Ship in PaterNoster-Row, and J. Knaptonat the Crown in St. Paul's Church-Yard, London.
8vo. [B. C. L.
K4/34 10.]

The author of this sermon was a younger son of Andrew Perrot, esq.who was Lord Mayor of York in 1701, and a brother of Charles Perrot,esq. who filled that office in 1710. "On the 21st July, 1710,"Thoresby notes in his Diary, "I was at the Lady Perrot's with herson, the parson, running over the library, which had been curious, ofhis grandfather and uncle, eminent in their generations, some ofwhose manuscripts and antique pamphlets* he presented me with. TheLady has been very fortunate in her sons, of whom one was Mayor ofHull the last year, and another is Lord Mayor this, as her husbandhad been in his time." She was styled Lady Perrot, according to acustom, long since discontinued, of giving that title for her life tothe wife of a Lord Mayor of York. Her husband was the son of Dr.Richard Perrot, prebendary of Osbaldwick in the cathedral church ofYork, and Vicar of Hull. The Rev. Thomas Perrot died on the 12thJune, 1728, in the 46th year of his age, and was buried in the churchof which he was rector. Vitam vixit tempore brevem, pietatelongam.†
* Several of these are described in the catalogue ofThoresby's Museum.
† Mon. Inscription.

V.ERASMI COLLOQUIA SELECTA; or The Select Colloquies of Erasmus, withan English Translation as literal as possible, design'd for the useof Beginners in the Latin Tongue.
By John Clarke, Master of the publick Grammar-School inHull.‡
The third Edition.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, and are to be sold by A. Bettesworth,at the Red Lyon in Pater-Noster-Row, London.
M.DCC.XXVI. 8vo.

"In 1726, (says Gent,) I printed some books learnedly translated intoEnglish by Mr. John Clarke, schoolmaster in Hull; the columns of thetwo languages being opposite one to the other, for the greater easeof young tyros in learning, as well as those who had obtained someproficiency therein. Two editions I did of Erasmus."*
‡ See antea, p. 136 (refers to a book published for Clarke by Grace White).
* Life of Gent, p. 173.

VI.
EUTROPII HISTORIÆ ROMANÆBREVIARIUM, cum Versione Anglicâ, in qua, Verbum de Verbo,quantum fieri licuit, exprimitur, Notis quoque et Indice. Or,
Eutropius's Compendious History of Rome: Together with an EnglishTranslation as Literal as possible, Notes and an Index.
By John Clarke, Master of the publick Grammar-School in Hull, inpursuance of the method of teaching the Latin Tongue laid down by himin his Essay upon the education of Youth in Grammar-Schools.
The Second Edition.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, and are to be sold by A. Bettesworth atthe Red-Lyon in Pater-Noster-Row, London. M.DCC.XXVIII.
8vo. preface, &c. 5 leaves not paged. Text, pp. 162, and Index.[R. D.]

Eutropii Historiae Romanaebreviarium, cum versione Anglica, in qua, verbum de verbo, quantumfieri licuit, exprimitur, notis quoque & indice. Or, Eutropius'scompenious History of Rome: together with an English translation ...By John Clarke ...

Edition: The second edition.

Imprint: York: Printed by ThomasGent; and are to sold by A. Bettesworth ... London. 1728.

Physical Description:[12], 162, [3] p. 21 cm.

Added author: Clarke, John,1687-1734, tr.

Schoolbook; Clarke's translation.[Stamford]


The sixth edition of this work was published in 1750 by the author'sson, "W. Clarke, under the piazza at the back of the RoyalExchange."†
† Sold by J. Mace and G. Ferraby at Hull, MessrsStabler and Barstow, and N. Bell, at York; and P. Hodges atHereford.

VII.L. ANNÆI FLORI Epitome Rerum Romanarum cum VersioneAnglicâ, in qua verbum de verbo, quantum per utriusquelinguæ genium fieri licuit, redditur,
Or, A Compendious History of Rome, By L. Florus.
With an English translation as literal as possible.
By John Clarke, Master of the publick Grammar-School in Hull.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, for Arthur Bettesworth, at the Red-Lyonin Pater-Noster-Row, London: and sold by Thomas Hammond, jun. inYork; and T. Ryles in Hull.
8vo. pp. iv. 217. No date. [R. D.]
[Names of towns, withinthe county of York, and county of the city of York, which are withinthe liberty of St Peter's in York. Alphabetically digested anddistinguished in what riding and weapontake they lye. York: printedby Thomas Gent, 1729. {UNC-CH}]

VIII.The FOUNDATION of MORALlTY in THEORY and PRACTICE considered. In anexamination of the learned Dr. Samuel Clarke's opinion concerning theoriginal of Moral Obligation; As also of the notion of Virtue,advanced in a late book entituled An Inquiry into the original of ourIdeas of Beauty and Virtue.
By John Clarke, Master of the public Grammar School in Hull.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, and sold by A. Bettesworth, Booksellerin Pater-Noster-Row; T. Hammond, jun. in York; and T. Ryles in Hull,1730. Price ls. 6d
8vo. pp. 112. [E. H.] [B. M. T/1760. 4.]

Mr. John Clarke was Master of the Grammar-School at Hull in the earlypart of the eighteenth century. He published numerous educationalworks, which were received with much favour and soon became verypopular.
We have seen that as early as in the year 1718 he began to employ theYork press, and that soon after Gent settled at York Mr. Clarkeintrusted him with the printing of some of his books. The work whichfirst brought the author into notice was An Essay upon the Educationof Youth in Grammar-Schools, wherein the vulgar method of teaching isexamined, and a new one proposed for the more easy and speedytraining up of Youth in the knowledge of the learned Languages, withHistory, Geography, Chronology, &c. 12mo. London, 1720.* This wasfollowed by An Essay upon Study, wherein directions are given for thedue conduct thereof; and the collection of a Library proper for thepurpose. 12mo. London, 1731.† Besides his editions of theclassics already noticed Mr. Clarke published the following, withliteral translations:—

C. Nepotis Vitæ excellentium Imperatorum.‡
Justini Historiæ Philippicæ.§
P. Ovidii Nasonis Metamorphoseon.

* New editions appeared in 1730 and 1750.
† 2nd. ed. 1737. 3rd. ed. 1740.
‡ 8th ed. 8vo. London, 1754
§ Gent had printed an edition of tis work in 1732. Life, p. 182.3rd. ed. 8vo. London, 1742.

And "with free and proper translations " the following:—
C.. Suetonii Tranquilli Duodecim Cæsares. 8vo. London,1732.*
C. Crispi Sallustii Bellum Catilinarium et Jugurthinum.
* About 1730, "I printed Suetonius in Latin and English, forthe aforesaid Mr. John Clarke of Hull in a demy octavo closelyexhibited." Life of Gent, p. 181.

[C. Suetonii TranquilliXII Cæsares cum liberâ versione, in quâ idiomatisAnglici ratio, quam maximè fieri potuit, habita est. Or, thelives of the twelve first Roman Emperors, writ by C. SuetoniusTranquillus. With a free translation, ... By John Clarke ... London[i.e. York]: printed for A. Bettesworth, and C. Hitch, 1732.{UNC-CH}]
He was also the author of

An Examination of the Notion of moral Good and Evil, advanced in alate book entitled the Religion of Nature delineated. 12mo. Lond.1725.
A Pamphlet upon Moral Obligation, against Dr. Sykes.
An Examination of Dr. Middleton's Sketch or plan of an Answer toChristianity as old as the Creation, shewing the tendency thereof tothe subversion of Christianity and all Religion.

In October 1732 Mr. Clarke had resigned the grammar-school at Hull inorder to pursue his studies more closely, and employ his pen moreeffectually for the service of the public, but he continued to residestill in that place.† It is said that he afterwards removed toGloucester, and that his death took place there on the 8th of May1734.‡
† This announcement appears in the York Courant of Oct.10th, 1732, quoted from a London news-letter.
‡ See an Address to the Literary and Philosophical Society atKingston-upon-Hull, by Charles Frost, F.S.A. President of theSociety. 8vo. Hull, 1831, p. 34.

IX.
The NATURE and OBLIGATION of RELATIVEHOLINESS; A SERMON preached in the Cathedral Church of St. Peter inYork, 17th of November, 1728.
By Robert Knight, M.A. Vicar of Harewood, in the county of York.
YORK: Printed by T. Gent for F. Hildyard, and sold by J. Osborn andT. Longman at the Ship in Pater-Noster-Row; and I. Knapton at theCrown in St. Paul's Church Yard, London.
8vo. [B.C.L. K/4 2. 12.]

X.The ANTIENT and MODERN HISTORY of the famous CITY of YORK; And ina particular manner, of its magnificent Cathedral commonly calledYork-Minster. As also an Account of St. Mary's Abbey and otherantient religious houses and churches; the places whereon they stood,what orders belong'd to them, and the remains of those antientbuildings that are yet to be seen: With a Description of thoseChurches now in use, of their curiously painted windows, theinscriptions carefully collected, and many of them translated: Thelives of the Archbishops of this See: The Government of the NorthernParts under the Romans, especially by the Emperors Severus andConstantius, who both dy'd in this City: of the Kings of England andother illustrious persons who have honour'd York with their presence.An account of the Mayors and Bayliffs, Lord Mayors and Sheriffs,(with several remarkable transactions not published before) fromdifferent Manuscripts, down to the third year of the reign of Hispresent Majesty King George the Second.

To which is added,

A Description of the most noted Towns inYorkshire, with the antient Buildings that have been therein,alphabetically digested for the delight of the Reader; not only bythe assistance of antient writers, but from the observations ofseveral ingenious persons in the present age.
The whole diligently collected by T. G.
Sold by Thomas Hammond,Jun. Bookseller in High Ouzegate; at theprinting-office in Coffee-Yard, YORK: and by A. Bettesworth, inPater-Noster-Row, London, M.DCC.XXX.
Small 8vo. Preface, pp. viii. Text, pp. 256. Addenda, list ofsubscribers, and errata, 7 pages.
The work is illustrated with two engravings; one, a view of the cityfrom the south-west, and the other a plan of the city. On theletter-press of p. 158, is a well executed wood-cut of theCrucifixion, as depicted in the glass of the south-west window of theMinster.
In a later impression with the same title and pagination, Gent hasprinted some new matter and made several alterations and corrections.At p. 83, in his account of the archbishops he has introduced SirJohn Harrington's story of the quarrel between Archbishop Sandys andSir Robert Stapylton, and the manner in which the knight revengedhimself upon the prelate, but he has erroneously applied the incidentto Archbishop Harsnet.* To make room for this narrative on p. 83,Gent has omitted from p. 84 a woodcut of a celestial crown, and aLatin quotation, which appear in the earlier impressions. In otherparts corrections are made, as at p. 97, where the repetition of thedescription of Mrs. Mathew's monument is expunged.
* Eboracum, p. 455

Gent's History of York was the first of his own works which heprinted and published at York. He describes it as an almostunheard-of attempt to seek a living by recalling the dead, as itwere, to life, to afford him that sustenance which the living seemedto deny him.† He had issued proposals of his design in theyear 1729, and obtained a list of about 170 subscribers. He complainsthat some persons treated him with malice and ill-will, but thekindness and generosity of others made ample amends;‡ and whenthe book came out his joy was inexpressible to be told what a kindreception it had met with from persons of both sexes and all ranksand conditions.§ As a matter of necessity he admitted ThomasHammond, whom he calls "the quacking bookseller," to be the publisherof the work on condition that he should have no part of the moneyreceived from subscribers; and they agreed that the impression, whichGent at first intended to be 500, should be augmented to 1000. Hecharges Hammond with having withheld from him certain MSS. whichmight have been useful. "The wretch (he says) reserved them for saleto Dr. Drake, my contemporary historian." ¶
† Life of Gent,p. 174.
‡ Preface, p. iii.
§ Life, p. 178.
¶ Ibid. p. 177.

The book contains much curious information not to be found in theEboracum of Mr. Drake which was published five or six yearsafterwards.* In the preface, Gent with becoming modesty and goodfeeling thus contrasts the value of his own little work with thatwhich his contemporary had then in hand: "Having got my materialsalmost ready, I communicated my design to a learned gentleman,desiring his assistance; who to my great, but pleasing surprise, hadanother of this nature, tho' far more extensive, as his capacity issuperior. Yet without examining much further, the disagreement isperceived in the price, adequate to the largeness thereof whichindisputably will be acceptable to the greater sort (as knowing theability of that ingenious person) when the world will be obliged withit. While, in the mean time, this little piece may gently bedispersed, be agreeable in its kind as a pocket companion, and look'dupon as a fore-runner of an infinitely more nobleperformance."†
* Mr. Drake's well-known work did not Appear until 1736, butin the York Courant of Dec. 6, 1732, it is announced that proposalswere published for printing by subscription Eboracum, or the Historyand Antiquities of the See and City of York, illustrated with near100 copper-plates, which were to be had of the booksellers in York,or of the author, F. Drake.
† Preface, p. viii.

[The advantages ofcasting our bread upon the waters. A sermon preach'd at Scarborough,on Sunday the 31st of January, 1730-1, for the charity children thereeducated. By Stephen Clarke, ... York: printed by Thomas Gent; and tobe sold by Mr Ryles, in Hull, 1731.{UNC-CH}]

XI.A PLAIN and HUMBLE ADDRESS to the Clergy and Ministers in
GREAT BRITAIN.
A SERMON occasioned by reading Mr. Bowman's Visitation Sermon at theVisitation held at Wakefield in Yorkshire.
ll. Cor. ii. 16. And who is sufficient for these things ?
Dedicated to the Rev. Dr. Legh, Vicar of Hallifax in the sameCounty.
By a Lover of true Holiness, and real Christianity.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent; and sold by George Ferraby, Booksellerin Hull. M.DCC.XXXI.
8vo. pp. viii. 15. [J. R.]

XII.A SECOND PLAIN and HUMBLE ADDRESS to the Clergy of all
Orders in GREAT BRITAIN.
A SERMON from II. Cor. iii. 5. Occasioned by reading Mr. Bowman'sVisitation Sermon at Wakefield, in Yorkshire.
By Philanthropos, Author of 'A Call to Reformation.'
Grandis Dignitas Sacerdotum; sed Grandis Ruina, si peccant.AQUINAS.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent; and sold by George Ferraby, Booksellerin Hull. M.DCC.XXXI.
8vo. pp. vi. 13. [R. D.]

XIII.ST. PAUL'S CHARGE. A SERMON preached in the Church of St. Michael leBelfreys, April the 7th, 1732, being Good Friday. At the AnniversaryMeeting of the Children educated in the Charity Schools in the Cityof York.
By the Reverend William Elsley, A.M. Rector of Ryther, Prebendary ofYork,* and Subdean of Ripon.
Published for the Benefit of the said Charity-Schools.
YORK: Printed by Tho. Gent, and to be sold for the benefit of theCharity-Children.
8vo. pp. 22. [J. R.]
* He was collated to the prebend of Tockerington, 31st July,1721.

XIV.THE CIRCLE SQUAR'D: or, An easy, exact, plain, and compendious methodof finding the exact areas of all Circles and circular Bodies, bymeans of the due proportion of the Diameter of a Circle to itsCircumference; and the square Root extracted without anyRemainder.

Never heretofore published.

By Thomas Baxter, Master of a private School atCrathorn, Cleaveland, Yorkshire.
LONDON: Printed for A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch, at the Red-Lyon inPater-Noster-Row, by whom they are to be sold; as also by T. Gent, ofYork; G. Ferraby of Hull and Beverley; and R. Austin of Ripon andKnaresbrough. M.DCC.XXXII. [Price 1s. 6d.]
8vo. pp. x. 35, with several diagrams. [R. D.]

The text of this tract is undoubtedly from Gent's press, although theLondon publishers have prefixed their own titlepage to this and othercopies. "In 1732 (Gent says) I printed a book for Mr. Thomas Baxter,schoolmaster at Crathorn, in Yorkshire, intituled, The CircleSquared, but as it never proved of any effect, it was converted towaste paper, to the great mortification of the author."* His vexationdid not tend to shorten the schoolmaster's life. By his will, madeseven and forty years afterwards, he bequeathed 1001. to the rectorand churchwardens of Crathorne, in trust to apply the interesttowards teaching poor children, whose parents did not rent 51. ayear.†
* Life of Gent, p. 182.
† Ord's Cleveland, p 493.

XV.The ANTIENT and MODERN HISTORY of the LOYAL TOWN of RIPPON:
[Introduc'd by a Poem on the surprising Beauties of Studley Park,with a description of the venerable Ruins of Fountains Abbey writtenby Mr. Peter Aram;‡ and another on the pleasures of a CountryLife, by a Reverend young Gentleman.§] With particularaccounts of Three of the Northern Saints in the seventh century, viz.St. Cuthbert who lies interr'd in the Cathedral at Durham; St.Wilfrid of Rippon; and St. John of Beverley. The famous Charters ofKing Athelstane, and other Monarchs, (given by them to the Church ofRippon) translated: The various times of rebuilding that Minster,since its first Foundation: Its present happy state; with the Arms,Monuments, and Inscriptions, alphabetically digested. An exact listof the Wakemen and Mayors of the Town, to this present year;interspersed with remarkable Accidents; The death of several eminentpersons: In particular, some of the venerable Archbishops of thisSee, whose tombs are partly describ'd, with proper references to theHistory of York for their Inscriptions and Epitaphs, to which this isvery supplemental.
Adorned with many cuts, preceded by a South West prospect (and a newplan) of Rippon.
Besides are added,
Travels into other Parts of Yorkshire.
I. Beverley, an account of its Minster: the Seal of St. John; theBeauty of St. Mary's; and a list of the Mayors of the Town, sinceincorporated.
II. Remarks on Pontefract.
III. Of the Church at Wakefield.
IV. Those of Leeds: with a visit to Kirkstal and Kirkham.
V. An Account of Keighley.
Vl. State of Skipton Castle, &c.
Vll. Knaresborough. Of the Church and its Monuments; St. Robert'sChapel, &c.
Vlll. Towns near York: as Tadcaster, Bilbrough, Bolton Percy,Howlden, Selby, Wistow, Cawood Church and Castle, Acaster andBishopthorpe; Acomb, Nun-Monkton, and Skelton, &c. with theirAntiquity and Inscriptions.
Faithfully and painfully collected by THO. GENT, of YORK.

Non Ego ventosæ Plebis Suffragiavenor. HOR.

‡ Mr. Peter Aram was the father of the ill-fated EugeneAram, who in the year 1758 was convicted and executed at York for themurder of Daniel Clarke. In an autobiographical letter, written byEugene Aram in the short interval between his sentence and the nightpreceding his execution, he states that "his father was ofNottinghamshire, a gardener, of great abilities in botany, and anexcellent draftsman. He served the Bishop of London, Dr. Compton,with great approbation; which occasioned his being recommended toNewby in Yorkshire, to Sir Edward Blackett, whom he served in thecapacity of a gardener with much credit to himself and satisfactionto that family, for above thirty years. Upon the decease of thatBaronet, he went and was retained in the service of Sir John Ingilbyof Ripley, Baronet, where he died respected when living and lamentedwhen dead." (See Trial of Eugene Aram, York, 8vo. 1759.) Studley Parkand Fountains Abbey are in the near neighbourhood of Newby andRipley.
§ The Rev. John Mawer, A.M. several of whose works, which arenoticed in the following pages, were printed by Gent. Peter Aram'sPoem having been submitted to the criticism and correction of Mr.Mawer, that reverend young gentleman, whom Gent calls " Favourite ofthe Muses," was pleased to honour his collection with the Poem on aCountry Life. See Preface to the History of Rippon, p. vi.

To which is subjoin'd, by the Author of The Country Life, a Letter tothe Hon. John Aislabie, Esq.*:—
The Happy Reign; an Eclogue;† and a Latin Copy of Verses, witha Translation, on the Renowned Grotto of Queen Caroline.
YORK: Printed and sold at the Printing-office, over against the Starin Stonegate; as also by T. Hammond, Bookseller, in High-Ouze-Gate.Likewise by E. Routh in Rippon; J. Ross in Knaresborough; G. Ferrabyin Hull; A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch, at the Red Lion in Pater-NosterRow, London. M.DCC.XXXIII.
8vo. Preface, dated York, May 4, 1733, and Errata, ppiii.&endash;xvi.
Poetical Dedication to Mr. William Fisher, Gardener in chief to theRight Hon. John Aislabie, Esq. at Studley, 2 pages.
Studley Park, and The Pleasures of a Country Life, pp. 44.
The History of Rippon, pp. 45&endash;166.
A Journey into some parts of Yorkshire, with an Epistle to the Hon.John Aislabie, Esq. pp. 66.
The Happy Reign, an Eclogue, with Lines on her Majesty's Grotto, pp.67&endash;73.
Advertisement of Books, List of Carriers who inn at York, and namesof Subscribers, 7 pages.
Seventy-eight wood-cuts on the letter-press.
* On that earthly paradise, Studley Park.
† Imitated from Calpurnius Siculus, and inscribed to a personof honour.


An English Grammar Shewing theNature and Grounds of the English Language in Its Present State, byIsaac Barker. York, Thomas Gent, 1733 [Found inAddall.com]

 

XVI.The PATTERN of PIETY: or TRYALS of PATIENCE. Being the most faithfulSpiritual Songs of the Life and Death of the once afflicted JOB.

In five books.

Shewing the abundant riches of that great and goodman, in his family, goods, and cattle: the latter of which weredestroy'd; all about him reduc'd; and he himself smitten with Boils,in the most deplorable condition. In all which poverty and miseries,as he never charg'd God foolishly; so it pleased the Divine Being notonly to restore him again to his health, but to give him a doubleportion of his former plenty and prosperity.

Qui seminant in lacrymis, in exultationemetent.

PSAL. 126.


SCARBOROUGH: Printed by Thomas Gent, in the yearof our Blessed Lord 1734.
12mo. pp. 24. Seven exceedingly rude and grotesque woodcuts on theletter-press. [J. R.] [E. H.]

This is probably the only specimen extant of the productions ofGent's Scarborough press. In his History of Hull* he thus speaks ofhaving embarked in a printing establishment at that attractive andthen fashionable watering-place: "
* P. 185, note.

I beg leave to mention as a memorial, that a printing-office wasfirst set up by me in Scarborough about June 16th, 1734, in a housein Mr. Bland's lane, formerly called his cliff; a most pleasantsituation, leading to the beautiful sands; and I hope, God willing,some time or other to print the antiquities of that delightful townand castle." In his autobiography, under the date of 1733, he says,"My nephew Arthur Clarke was sent with materials to furnish aprinting-office in Scarborough; from which we had a fair prospect ofthe ocean. The gentry from the Spa used to visit us, to have theirnames, and see the playhouse bills and other work printed."* Theundertaking, doubtless, proved to be a failure. His nephew ArthurClarke was at that time in his apprenticeship, and, according toGent's account of him, he was not at all qualified to afford him anyuseful assistance. His conduct during his service to his uncle was sounsatisfactory that Gent was heartily glad when his time wasexpired.† Clarke left York in 1736, and his subsequent careerwas far from respectable.‡
* Life of Gent, p. 182.
† MS. Life, fo. 59.
‡ Ibid. fo. 57.

XVII.MISCELLANEÆ CURIOSÆ: or Entertainments for the Ingeniousof both Sexes.
For the months of January, February, and March 1734.
Containing, I. Enigma's. II. Paradoxes. III. Mathematical Questions.Suited both to beginners, and also to such as have made higheradvances in these Studies.
Me vero primum dulces ante omnia Musæ,
Quarum sacra fero ingenti perculsus amore
Accipiant: Cœlique vias et sydera monstrent,
Defectus solis varios, lunæque labores:
Unde temor terris: quâ vi maria alta tumescant
Objicibus ruptis, rursusque in se ipsa residant:
Quid tantum oceano properent se tingere soles
Hyberni, vel quæe tardis mora noctibus obstet.
VIRGIL, Georgic
YORK: Printed by Tho. Gent, in Coffee-yard, M.DCC.XXXIV.
8vo. pp. ii. 35. [E. H.]

XVIII.MISCELLANEA CURIOSA: or Entertainments for the Ingenious of bothsexes. For the months of April, May, and June, 1734. Containing, I.Enigma's. II. Mathematical Questions. Suited to both beginners, andalso to such as have made higher advances in those studies.
[The same motto.]
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, and sold hy J. Wilford, behind theChapter-House in St. Paul's Church-Yard, London. 1734.
8vo. pp. iv. 34. [E. H.]

XIX.MISCELLANEA CURIOSA: or Entertainments for the Ingenious of bothSexes. For the months of July, August, and September, 1734.Containing, I. Enigma's. II. Mathematical Questions. Suited both tobeginners, and also to such as have made higher advances in thesestudies.

Scribimus Indocti Doctique.

YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, and sold by J.Wilford, behind the Chapter-House in St. Paul's Church-Yard, London;and by T. Hammond, in the Pavement, York. 1734. Price Six Pence.
8vo. pp. 40. [E. H.]

XX.MISCELLANEA CURIOSA; or Entertainments for the Ingenious of bothsexes. For the months of January, February, and March, 1735.Containing, I. Enigma's. II. Mathematical Questions. Suited both tobeginners, and also to such as have made higher advances in thosestudies.

Scribimus lndocti Doctique.

YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, and sold by J.Wilford, behind the Chapter-House in St. Paul's Church-Yard, London;and by Thomas Hammond, Bookseller, in the Pavement, York. 1735. PriceSix Pence.
8vo. pp. 40. [E. H.]
The number for April, May, and June, 1735 (pp. 47), and that forJuly, August, and September, 1735 (pp.40), have similar titles. CanonRaine possesses a copy of the six numbers bound up in one volume,with four plates of mathematical diagrams, engraved on steel by JohnTurner.
This is an early, perhaps the earliest, attempt that has been made toestablish a literary serial in a provincial town. That it wasunsuccessful is shown by the following appeal, appended by the editorto the sixth number, which proved to be the last:—

To the Encouragers of this Undertaking.

Two years are now almost elapsed, since thisDesign was first set on foot, wherein there have been Six Numberspublished, at the sole expence of the Editor. And as it cannot besupposed, but that he must be in disburse on that account, (besideshis trouble of composing the Book, and distributing of it quarterly),he is perswaded that none of his Readers would desire him to continueit under the above-mention'd circumstances: He therefore nowadvertises them, that this it's probable will be the last, exceptthey approve of it so far as to subscribe towards the Expence. Hedesires not to gain anything by the Undertaking, and is willing togive in his own labour: And if there are 60 persons to be found, whowill each subscribe for half a dozen (or more if any one pleases)every Quarter as they are published (which will about defray theCharges of the Copper-Plate, Printing, Paper, &c.) it will becarried on as formerly. Such as are willing so to do, may send intheir Names and Places of Abode, directed for the Author, to be leftat Mr. Thomas Gent's, Printer, near the Star in Stone-Gate, York,post paid, any time before Christmass next.

A periodical publication, of which one-half consisted of long dullenigmas in verse and their interpretations, and the other half of dryand abstruse mathematical problems with their solutions, unvaried byany lighter or more amusing matter, had little claim to becomepopular or attractive. It is said that the projector and editor ofthe work was Mr. Edward Hauxley, master of the grammar-schoolattached to Kirkleatham Hospital in Cleveland; a charitableinstitution established in the year 1676 by Sir William Turner,knight,* the founder of the distinguished Yorkshire family of Turnerof Kirkleatham.
* Lord Mayor of London in 1669.

[Miscellanæa Curiosa:bound volume; January 1734-September 1735.

York, Printed by Tho. Gent. 19.8 x11.3 cm. Opie J32. Bodleian]


XXI.ANNALES REGIODUNI HULLINl: or, the HISTORY of the Royal and BeautifulTOWN of KINGSTON-UPON-HULL, From the Original of it thro' the meansof its Illustrious Founder, King Edward the First; who (being pleas'dwith its beautiful situation whilst hunting with his Nobles on thepleasant banks of the River) erected the Town Anno Dom. 1296. Andfrom that remarkable æra, the vicissitudes of it are display'd,till this present year, 1735.

In which are included,

An the most remarkable transactionsecclesiastical, civil, and military.
The erection of churches, convents, and monasteries; with the namesof their founders and benefactors: also a succinct relation of the Dela Pole's family, from the first mayor of that name, to hissuccessors, who were advanc'd to be Earls and Dukes of Suffolk.
The monuments, inscriptions, &c. in the churches of Holy Trinityand St. Mary.
The names of the Mayors, Sheriffs, and Chamberlains; with whatremarkable accidents have befallen some of them in the course oftheir lives; Interspers'd with a Compendium of British History,especially what alludes to the Civil Wars, (for the betterillustration of such things as most particularly concern'd the townin those troublesome times;) and since then with regard to theRevolution. Adorned with cuts.

As likewise

Various curiosities in Antiquity, History,Travels, &c. Also a necessary and compleat Index to thewhole.
Together with several Letters, containing some accounts of theAntiquities of Bridlington, Scarborough, Whitby, &c. for theentertainment of the curious travellers, who visit the North-eastparts of Yorkshire.
Dî probos mores docili juventæ,
Dî senectuti placidæ quietem,
Oppido HULLINO date, remque prolemque et decus omne.
HOR. Car. Sæc.
Faithfully collected by THOMAS GENT, Compiler of the History of York,and the most remarkable places of that large county.
Sold at the printing-office, near the Star in Stone-Gate, YORK; byWard and Chandler, Booksellers, in Scarborough, and at their shop inFleet-street, London; by George Ferraby, bookseller, in Hull; atother places in the country; and by J. Wilford, behind theChapter-house in St. Paul's Church yard, London. M.DCC.XXXV.*
Demy 8vo. Dedication and preface, pp. xi. Contents of the chaptersand explanation, 3 pages. The History, pp. 201 Index, andadvertisements of Books, 7 pages. Addenda, postscript, and List ofSubscribers, 27 pages.

Besides eight wood-cuts of churches, &c. on the letter-press,Gent has embellished his work with six separate plates:—
1. The East View of Kingston-upon-Hull. Engraved and printed at theexpence of Mr. Tho. Gent by John Haynes in Fossgate, York. Folded, toface the Title.
2. South-west prospect of the Holy Trinity Church inKingston-upon-Hull. Tho. Fleming, sculpt. Folded, p. 13.
3. Plan of Kingston-upon-Hull. Folded, wood-cut, p. 82.
4. The Ruins of St. Mary's Abbey, with St. Olave's Church, York. Aview of the Minster and the Multangular Tower, in the upper corner.J. Haynes, sculp. Folded, p. 119.
5. The Equestrian Statue of King William III. E. Geldard, sculp. p.200.
6. South-west View of Scarborough. Engraved at the expence of Mr.Tho. Gent by Jno. Haynes, Engraver and Copperplate Printer in York.In the upper corner, Serpentine stone found near the shore at Whitby,only headless. Folded, p. 11 of the addenda.

"In 1736, (Gent says,) I published my History of Hull: after which mypublisher, Mr. Wilford, failed in London. I comforted instead ofafflicting the man, under his heavy misfortunes, which he aftergratefully remembered in mentioning my work in his 'Lives ofIllustrious Personages,'† in folio, and generously ordered oneof them to be given, as a present, as some small atonement (theutmost he was able,) for the loss that I had sustained by him."
* Gent's Histories of York, Rippon, and Hull are fullydescribed in Upcott's English Topography, vol. ii. pp. 1356,1359,1411
† Memorials and Characters, together with the Lives of DiversEminent and Worthy Persons. Folio. London, 1741. [J. R.] SeeNichols's Literary Anecdotes, vol. viii. p. 291.

John Haynes, who was employed by Gent to execute some of theembellishments of this work, was originally a schoolmaster, but heappears to have devoted himself to the arts of design and engravingbefore Gent published his History of York in 1730. There can belittle doubt that the plan, and a view of the city, two platesinserted in that work, were from his hand. In December 1731 Mr.Haynes announced his intention "of imprinting upon copper-plate a newsouth-west prospect of the city of York with the platform ofKnavesmire, which met with great encouragement from people of allstations, being generally approved of."† The print waspublished soon afterwards with a dedication to Sir William Milner,bart. and Edward Thompson, esq. the two members in Parliament for thecity. It is a work of considerable pretension, the plate being 25inches long by 19 inches wide. In the drawing all the rules ofperspective are set at defiance, and the engraving, which Haynesintrusted to B. Cole of St. Paul's Church-yard, is exceedinglycoarse.
Haynes made the drawings for the greater number of the plates inDrake's History of York, and some of them were probably engraved byhim, but the artists chiefly employed by the historian were W. H.Toms and J. Basire.
A prospect of the Dropping-Well at Knaresbrough, as it appeared inthe great frost of January 1739, was drawn and engraved byHaynes.‡
* Gent's Life, p. 187.
† The York Courant, Jan. 11, 1731-2.
‡ Gough's British Topography, 4to. p. 566.

Mr. Gough says that the Society of Antiquaries had a good drawing ofSt. Helen's church engraved by John Haynes, and that in 1744 he wasemployed by Lord Burlington to make drawings of some stupendousremains of Roman antiquity on the wolds of Yorkshire, which wereafterwards engraved by Vertue.* As late as 1751 he made a survey anddrawing of the Botanic Garden at Chelsea, with the elevation andichnography of the green-house, stoves, &c.
* Gough's British Topography, p. 674.

In 1735 Haynes had his office in Fossgate. He afterwards lived in theMinster-Yard.

XXII.CRITICAL REMARKS on the EPISTLES, as they were published from severalauthentic copies by John Bebelius at Basil in 1531.
N.B. The common reading stands first. To which is subjoinedBebelius's text; together with such Authorities as favour it; whichAuthorities consisting of Manuscripts, Fathers, and printed Copies,near forty in number, are taken from Dr. Mill and others.

Ereunate tas grafas
By Benjamin Dawney.

YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, near the Star inStonegate; and sold by the booksellers of York and Hull; by Mr.Brysonin Newcastle; Mrs. Waghorn in Durham; and J. Wilford behind theChapter-House in St. Paul's Church-yard, London. M.DCC.XXXV. Priceone shilling.
8vo. [B. C. L. Cat. vol. i. p. 82.]
The Rev. Mr. Benjamin Dawney was one of the subscribers to Gent'sHistoria Compendiosa Anglicana, published in 1741. On the 25thSeptember 1743, Benjamin Dawney was ordained priest at Bishopthorpe,and licensed to serve the cure of Overton, near York, for the yearlystipend of 20l. to be paid to him by the vicar.

XXIII.AN EPISTLE humbly address'd to the right honourable The EARL ofOXFORD, &c. With a Discourse on the Usefulness, and someproposals, of a Supplement to Bishop Walton's Polyglot Bible, with aReconciliation of the Hebrew and Septuagint, and several Remarks onthe Oriental Versions of the Scripture, particularly the Ethiopic,whereby some observable and difficult passages are illustrated.

To which is added,

An Address to the most illustrious University ofCambridge, soliciting the Honour of their assistance, and the benefitof their Public Library, for the better promoting of theabove-mentioned Design.
YORK: Printed by Tho. Gent; and sold by Mr. Hildyard in Stonegate,York; Mr. Prevost in the Strand; Mr. Gyles in Holborn, London; and byMr. Ryles in Hull.
Large 8vo. Discourse, pp. 3-41. Epistle, in verse, pp. 43-53.Dedication to Dr. Waterland, and Address, in verse, pp. 55-62. Twowood-cuts on the letter-press. [J. R.]

The author of this tract was the Rev. John Mawer, M.A. whose poem onthe Pleasures of a Country Life* was printed by Gent with his Historyof Ripon in 1733. Before Mr. Mawer became acquainted with the Yorkprinter, he had published anonymously the followingtracts:—
* Antea, p 172.

1. Verses to the Right Rev. Father in God, Edward, Lord Bishop ofDurham. With an Essay towards restoring the original texts ofScripture and reconciling the Hebrew and Septuagint, by the OrientalLanguages, Fathers, &c. T. Payne, London, 1731. 8vo. pp. 27.[J. R.]
2. A Layman's Faith: being a Review of the principal Evidences of thetruth of the Christian Religion, interspersed with several CURIOUSobservations. By a Free-Thinker and a Christian. John White,Newcastle upon Tyne, 1732. 8vo. pp. xviii 64. [J. R.]
Mr. Mawer was a graduate of Trinity College, Cambridge, when Dr.Bentley was master; and he complains that the college, havinganticipated the succession of Fellows by making several pre-electionsfor two or three years before it came to his turn to be a candidate,and then dropping these pre-elections the very year appointed for himand his contemporaries to offer themselves for a fellowship whenthere was not one vacancy, they were thereby deprived of a commonbenefit, which could not well have happened had the successsion beencontinued as usual.* After his ordination he lived for several yearsat the village of Crathorne, in Cleveland; and he was, doubtless, adiscontented curate when he penned these lines:—

A College ease most suits a studious mind.
There at our own dispose, with books unbought,
All needful furnisht, and a board unsought,
Each happy circumstance does sweetly join
At once, t'inspire and finish a design.
How much more grateful to the Muses these,
Than pasturing a flock for half a fleece,
In rustication and ignoble ease!
Where, was an angel for a pastor giv'n,
He'd hardly rise until he rose to Heav'n.†
* Epistle to the Earl of Oxford, p. 48, note.
† Ibid. p. 47.
† 8vo. pp. 3. [R. D.]

The design referred to by the poet is unfolded in thefollowing prospectus, which Gent was employed to print.

XXIV.PROPOSALS for Printing, by Subscription, The BOOK of PSALMS, andSOLOMON'S SONG.
A specimen whereof will be given in the latter.
Intended for an Introduction to a Supplement to the London PoliglotBible, (which, with a due provision for the expense, the Author hopesto see executed in a short time,) wherein the Hebrew and Greek Textsare establish'd and reconcil'd, all the various Readings exhibited atone view, and the English Version reform'd, according to the truesense of the original and genuine Text.
A Plan of which may be seen in the following Title page; and anaccount of which will be given in the preface to the Canticles.
I. This Work will make a large Vol. in Quarto.
II. Considering the difficulty of printing Oriental languages, and somany columns in a page, the price to subscribers cannot be set atless than two guineas the small paper, and three guineas and a halfthe large, which shall be red rul'd, and the best that can begot:
For the small paper, half a guinea to be paid at the time ofsubscription; half a guinea at the receipt of the Canticles, insheets; and one guinea more at the receipt of the Psalms: For thelarge paper, one guinea to be paid at subscribing; one guinea at thereceipt of the Canticles; and a guinea and a half at the receipt ofthe Psalms.
III. The Canticles are ready to be put to the press, (a specimen ofwhich will be printed very shortly,) and the Psalms will be finish'din a very little time: The whole will be printed as soon as acompetent number of subscriptions shall be procured.
IV. If the subscription-money will answer it, a neater set ofEthiopic types, equal to those beautiful ones of Mr. Ludolf, shall becast to print the ensuing work; which may be of great use for furtherdesigns.
] If the several honorable companies of Merchants, and others,will be pleas'd to encourage with their subscription, a second volumeof the Psalms, for the use of the Eastern Christians, (for which thepresent work is also intended) in Syriac, Coptic, Armenian, andPersic, with a Latin version; as the expence, and labour of carryingit thro' the press will be as great as of the first Vol. so the priceof subscription must be the same, to be paid at the receipt of thefirst volume, half advanc'd, and the remainder at the receipt of thewhole in sheets
N.B. The names of the subscribers and benefactors will be prefix'd tothis work.
8vo. Two pages. [R. D.]

XXV.CANTICUM CANTICORUM SALOMONIS, Hebraicè, Græcè,Latinè, Æthiopicè, & Anglicè:

Opus in sex ordines tributum;complectens,

I. Textum Hebræum, juxta D. Masclefimethodum, à punctis aliisq; inventis Massorethicis liberum,pristinæ integritati, qucad fieri potuit, restitutum, cumvariantibus omnibus uno intuitu conspiciendis.
II. Græcam LXX. Interp. versionem ex antiquissimo MS. CodiceAlexandrino accuratè descriptam.
III. Collationem Vaticani omniumq; variantium Codicum, necnonfragmentorum veterum versionum, per columnam continuâ serieà latere alterius textûs dispositam.
IV. Latinam tvn o versionem Flam. Nobilii operi è SS.Patrum, et veterum Latinorum scriptis concinnatam, quæ itidemÆthiopicæ inservit, discrepantiis infra annotatis.
V. Æthiopicam ex clariss. Jobi Ludolfi recognitione accuratamversionem, cum notis ejusdem.
VI. Anglicam ad genuinum textum emendatam. Adjectis notulis inter seconciliandi studio Hebræos et Græcos, Textus originalesrestituendi tentaminis ergô,

Summa fide edidit Joannes Mawer, A.M.


Subscriptions may be taken by any noted bookseller in London, as mostconvenient to the subscriber, and by the booksellers of the twoUniversities and elsewhere: such as will undertake for, or engage anynumber of subscriptions, if they will be pleased to communicate theirnames and places of abode to the author, (who may be directed toaccording to the date hereof, or otherwise advertised of it,) theyshall not be required to make the first payment till the receipt ofthe Canticles in sheets, with which one guinea for small paper, andtwo guineas for the large, will be required; and no books will bedeliver'd without.
Crathorn, in Cleaveland,
Yorkshire, Jan. 5, 1735-6.
8vo. Two pages. [R. D.]

XXVI.OPPIAN'S CYNEGETICKS. Translated into English verse.
Duc age, diva, tuum frondosa per avia vatem.
Te sequimur: tu pande domos et lustra ferarum.
Huc igitur mecum quisquis percussus amore
Venandi, damnas lites, avidosque tumultus,
Civilesque fugis strepitus,—
NEMESIAN.

Suppeditant autem et campus noster, et studia
Venandi, honesta exempla, ludendi.
CIC. de Officiis.

Instar refectionis existimas mutationem laboris—lustrare
Saltus excutere cubilibus feras,—atque inter hæc
Pia mente adire lucos, et occursare numinibus.
PLIN. Panegyr. ad Trajan.

YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, near Stonegate: and sold by T. Osborne,in Gray's Inn; F. Gyles in Holborn; and L. Gilliver, in Fleet-Street,near Temple Bar, London; Also by J. Hildyard, Bookseller, in York.M.DCC.XXXVI.*
8vo. pp. 24. An engraving of a hunting scene, with Oppian presentinghis poems to the Emperor. [R. D.]

This translation, by the Rev. John Mawer, of the first book of theCynegetica of Oppian is accompanied by an address from theauthor to the Right Honourable Sir Robert Walpole, K.G. solicitingthe great statesman's patronage of his work.† A brief memoiris appended, entitled "The Life of Oppian, from Athenæus,Eusebius, and Suidas, for the most part according toBodin."‡
* In Dr. Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography andMythology, Art. Oppianus, this translation is noticed as "anEnglish version of the 1st book, by J. Mawer;" but it is erroneouslyascribed to the London press.
† 8vo. pp. 23. [R. D.]
‡ 8vo. pp. 3. [R. D.]

XXVII.A POEM humbly inscrib'd to the QUEEN, on Her Majesty's Birth-Day.
Vultus ubi tuus
Affulsit populo, gratior it dies,
Et soles melius nitent.
HOR.

Written in the year 1728, after an Imitation of Lucan, on the Siegeof Gibraltar.
By the same.
Printed in the year 1736.
8vo. pp. 6. [R. D.] ;
The translator of Oppian was the author of this poem, of which Gentwas the printer.

[God's love to those who havepity on the poor. Being a sermon from the fifteenth chapter ofDeuteronomy, and the eleventh verse. Written by John raine, nearBarnard Castle. 1736. Bodleian]


[The necessaryknowledge of the Lord's supper; and the necessary preparation for it,shewn from the words of its institution. In a sermon preach'd at theCathedral of York, March 29th, 1727... By Thomas Sharp... The thirdedition. York: printed for John Hildyard, by Thomas Gent: are are tobe sold by T. Longman; J. and P. Knapton; and C. Rivington, London,1737.{UNC-CH}Bodleian]

XXVIII.CHRIST the BEGINNING and ENDING: or the MESSIAH'S GOODNESS and FutureGlory the principal end of creating the World, and of the severalDispensations in it to Mankind 'till the Consummation.
A SERMON preached at the Visitation held in the Parish Church ofRichmond, in the Diocese of Chester, May 6th, 1735.
By John Mawer, D.D.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent: and sold by Messieurs J. and P.Knapton, at the Crown in Ludgate Street, London; Mr. Hildyard, andMr. Staples, in York; and Mr. Bryson, in Newcastle-upon-Tyne.M.DCC.XXXVIII.
8vo. pp. vi. 24 [J. R.] [B. M.]

Prefixed is an address "To the very venerable and religious Societyfor propagating Christian Knowledge: And To the right honourable theDirectors and all the honourable members of the East India, Turkey,and African Companies, &c. A Proposal for printing a PolyglotBook of the Psalms, according to the method of the Canticles,prepared for the press; and for sending a number of copies into theEast; particularly to the Patriarch of Ethiopia." The address bearsdate December 5th, 1737, and was written at Middleton Tyas inRichmondshire, Dr. Mawer being then the vicar of that parish.Although he lived many years after the publication of this sermon, itmay be doubted whether his version of the second book of Oppian'sCynegeticks, or his polyglot translation of the Song of Solomon, wasever allowed to pass through the press.
The author of the History of Richmondshire states that in the choirof the church of Middleton Tyas is placed a mural monument with thefollowing inscription to the memory of a man " of whom (he says),shame on my ignorance, I never heard before :"—

This Monument
rescues from oblivion the Remains
of the Revd. John Mawer, D.D.
late Vicar of this parish, who died Nov. 18th 1763,
aged 60;
as also of Hannah Mawer his wife,
Who died Dec. 22nd 1766, aged 72, buried in this chancel.
They were persons of eminent Worth.
The Doctor was descended from the Royal Family of Mawer, and wasinferior to none of his illustrious Ancestors in personal Merit,being the greatest Linguist
this Nation ever produced.
He was able to speak and write twenty-two Languages,
and particularly excelled in the Eastern Tongues,
in which he proposed to his Royal Highness, Frederick,
Prince of Wales, to whom he was firmly attached,
to propagate the Christian Religion in the Abyssinian Empire,
A great and noble Design;
which was frustrated by the Death of that amiable prince,
to the great mortification of this excellent person,
Whose Merit meeting no reward in this World,
will it is to be hoped receive it in the next,
from that Being which Justice can only influence.


"This extraordinary personage, (Dr. Whitaker adds,) who may seem tohave been qualified for the office of universal interpreter to allthe nations upon earth, appears, notwithstanding, to have beenunaware that the Christian religion, in however degraded a form, haslong been professed in Abyssinia. With respect to the royal line ofMawer I was long distressed, till, by great good fortune, Idiscovered that it was no other than that of old King Coyl."*
* Whitaker's History of Richmondshire, vol. i. p. 234.

The remarks of the historian have been characterised as flippant andunjust, there being no reason to suppose that Dr. Mawer was theauthor of his own epitaph. He was about the last person in the worldto have composed this eulogy on his own character.†
† Notes and Queries, March 8,1851, p. 184.

The learned doctor was not, however, wholly free from family pride.In his letter to Sir Robert Walpole‡ he boasts of being able "when helooks back to his ancestors, to count, among his near relations, aprelate, who supported that dignity with as much magnificence andhospitality (not by his bishoprick only, tho' one of the best in thekingdom) as perhaps any bishop in this nation ever did. Hisgreat-grand-father (he states) maintained at his proper charge, atroop of horse for King Charles in the civil wars, for which he wasseized by Cromwell at Durham, and suffered an expensive confinement;in which unhappy times the family lost and consumed a greatestate."
‡ p.20.

XXIX.
ANTHEMS, for Two, Three, Four, Five,Six, Seven, and Eight Voices. As they are now performed, In theCathedral and Metropolitical Church of St. Peter, in York. In theCathedral Church of Christ, and Blessed Mary the Virgin, in Durham:and, in the Cathedral Church of Blessed Mary the Virgin, in Lincoln.To which is prefix'd, A Table of the Preachers, and the times oftheir preaching, in the said Cathedrals.
Collected and sold by Thomas Ellway, Master of the Children of theCathedral in York.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, in Coffee-Yard, near Stonegate,1736.
12mo. pp. xix 132. [R. D.]
Facing the title-page are three small views of the cathedrals ofYork, Durham, and Lincoln, subscribed
Exprimit Ecclesias fidei candore nitentes.
Tho. Ellway. J. Haynes, sculp.

[The religious magazine: orthe soul's harbour for divine entertainments. Containing pious verseson these following subjects. I. The breathings of an ardent spirit.... By Simon Goakman. 1736. Bodleian]


XXX.THE LUCKY DISCOVERY, or the TANNER of YORK.
An Opera, as it was acted at the Theatre in York:
He who studies Nature's Laws,
From certain Truths his Maxims draws;
And those, without our Schools, suffice
To make Men Moral, Good, and Wise.

Mr Gay.
YORK: Printed for the author by Thomas Gent, near Stonegate,M.DCC.XXXVII.
8vo. pp. iii. 26. [E. H.]
Dedicated to the Gentlemen, Ladies, &c. of York.

The author of this opera was Mr. John Arthur, a member of the YorkCompany of Comedians, then under the management of Mr Thomas Keregan,who had recently built a theatre for dramatic performances in "myLord Irwin's Yard," on the north side of the Minster, probably nearto the spot where the house of the Canons Residentiary now stands.*It appears from the dramatis personæ that the authoracted a principal part in his own drama:—

MEN.

Squire Modish - - - Mr. Ware.
Mr. Bark, the Tanner - - Mr. Marten.
Simon, his man - - - Mr. Arthur.

WOMEN.

Mrs. Modish - - - Mrs. Keregan.
Mrs. Bark - - - - Mrs. Emmett.
Scene, York. Time of action, Time of representation.

In the following year The Lucky Discovery, or the Tanner of York, wasrepresented on the stage of the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, withthe following cast:—

Squire Modish - - - Mr. Galway.
The Tanner of York - - Mr. Rosco.
Simon, his man - - - Mr. Hippesley.
Mrs. Modish - - Mrs. Kilty.
Mrs. Bark - - - - Miss Bincks.

* A few years earlier Mr. Keregan's company enacted plays atMr. Banks's Cock-pit without Bootham-Bar.

The success of his opera was probably the means of introducing thedramatist to the London boards. He became an actor at Covent GardenTheatre, and was in great favour as the Clown in Harlequin-Sorcererand other pantomimes. In April 1741, a short time after the death ofMr. Keregan, Arthur issued proposals† to the ladies andgentlemen of York, asking for subscriptions to enable him to providea new and commodious theatre to be situate in some convenient part ofthe city, the model of those in London. He undertook to furnish newscenery and machinery, a complete orchestra, and superior wardrobe,and a company to be made up of London actors and a selection fromtravelling companies, "in which particular care should be had totheir private life, that they might be as sociable off the stage, asentertaining on it." The scheme does not appear to have beenfavourably received. Mr. Arthur was afterwards for several yearsdirecting manager of the Theatre at Bath, where he died
† Dated London April 5, 1741. See Tate Wilkinson'sWandering Patentee vol, ii. p. 211.

XXXI.The SACRIFICE of the ALTAR ASSERTED: From Luke XXII. ver. 19, 20.Whence is shewn, First, That our blessed Lord, in the originalEucharist, devoted his natural body to the death of the Cross by asacrifice of bread and wine, and instituted a perpetual remembranceof it. Secondly, That this remembrance, according to the doctrine ofthe ancient church, and of our Reformers in the first year of EdwardVIth., of the first Liturgy of that King, and of the Articles,Homilies, and present Liturgy, is a commemorative Sacrifice. Thirdly,That this commemorative Sacrifice is in its very design and intentiona propitiatory, that is, an expiatory Sacrifice.
The Whole, in five propositions, in answer to a book entituled, Aplain account of the nature and end of the Sacrament of the Lord'sSupper.
Together with an Answer to the observations of the right reverend theBishop of Salisbury, in his Exposition of the XXXIX. Articles,against the propitiatory nature of the Eucharist; and of the reverendDr. Brett,* in his collection of Liturgies, against the omission ofthe oblation, and the suppos'd consecrating by a rehearsal of thewords of institution only, after the manner of the Papists, in thepresent form of administring the Holy Communion in the Church ofEngland.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, near Stonegate, for the Use of theAuthor. [Date cut off in binding.]
8vo. pp. iv. 86. Table of Contents, 4 pages. Several small wood-cutson the letter-press. [J. R.]

* Thomas Brett, LL.D. rector of Betteshanger, co. Kent, authorof A Dissertation on the principal Liturgies used by the ChristianChurch in the celebration of the Holy Eucharist, Lond. 1720. Also, Acollection of the different Liturgies, with a dissertation upon them,4to.

XXXII.A VINDICATION of the CURATE of O———TON from theCalumnies of those who have represented his principles as tending toP———RY.
"To hear the reason of the case with patience andunprejudicedness, is an equity which men owe to every Truth that canin any manner concern them; and which is necessary to the Discoveryof every kind of Error. How much more in things of the utmostImportance!" Dr. Clarke's Demonstration, &c.
YORK: Printed and sold by Thomas Gent, near Stone-gate: and also tobe had of the Booksellers in City and Country. M.DCC.XXXVIII.[Price Four Pence.]
8vo. pp. 24. [E.H.] [B.C.L. Cat. vol. ii. p.226.]

XXXIII.The RAREE SHOW: or, The Fox TRAP'T. An Opera. Written by JosephPeterson, Comedian.
Encouragement's the very life of Art;
Stirs up the active mind, and fires the Heart.

YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, near the Star, in Stone-Gate.M.DCC.XXXIX. [Price one shilling.]
8vo. pp. iv. 32. [R. D.]
A second edition was printed at Chester in 1740. [B. M.]
The author was a member of the York Company, and played the part ofSir Fopling Conceit in his own opera.

XXXIV.THE SHEPHERDS OPERA.
A rural Life's the seat of true content,
Serene, retir'd, our joys are permanent,
Strangers to Strife, Ambition, Envy, Fear;
We bless the fate which fix'd our happy Sphere.

YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, near the Star in Stonegate.M.DCC.XXXIX.
8vo. pp. 32. [E.H.]

XXXV.A VOYAGE to RUSSIA: describing the Laws, Manners, and Customs, ofthat Great Empire, as govern'd at this present by that excellentPrincess, the Czarina. Shewing the beauty of her Palace, the grandeurof her Courtiers, the forms of building at Petersburg, and otherplaces: With several entertaining adventures, that happened in thePassage by Sea and Land.
Good unexpected, evil unforseen,
Appear by turns: So Fortune shifts the Scene.

DRYD. Virg.
To which is added, translated from the Spanish, A curious account ofthe Relicks, which are exhibited in the Cathedral of Oviedo, a cityof Spain, the Metropolis in the principality of Austria: And whatIndulgences are allow'd to those persons who most devoutly visit thatSanctuary.
Written and collected by Elizabeth Justice.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, near the Star, in Stonegate,M.DCC.XXXIX.
8vo. Introduction, pp. vi. Names of subscribers, 4 leaves.Commendatory verses, 2 pages. Voyage, pp. 46. Account of Relicks, pp.47-59. Proposals, &c. 3 pages. Fifteen wood-cuts on theletter-press. [R D.]

Elizabeth Justice, the author of this little work, was a resident ofYork when she intrusted it to the press of Gent. In the preface shegives an affecting narrative of the distressing circumstances whichled her to leave her own country, and seek refuge in that remote partof the world of which she has published a really interestingdescription. That her case excited general sympathy in Yorkshire ismanifest from her subscription list, which includes the names of manyof the principal families of the city and county. Her husband HenryJustice, barrister-at-law of the Middle Temple, was the son ofWilliam Justice, a wealthy York attorney; whose elder brother EmanuelJustice, a York merchant, was Lord Mayor of that city in the year1706. Mrs. Justice had been separated from her husband several yearsbefore she undertook the voyage to Russia. During her absence heobtained a painful notoriety by being committed upon a charge ofstealing books from the library of Trinity College, Cambridge, ashort time after he had procured himself to be admitted afellow-commoner there. After enduring six months' imprisonment beforetrial, he was arraigned at the Old Bailey, convicted of the felony,and sentenced to seven years' transportation. The unhappy man did notventure to return to England at the expiration of his sentence, but,it is said, took up his abode in one of the larger Flemish towns,probably Brussels, where he engaged in the publication of an editionof Virgil, in five volumes, which he issued from the Brussels' pressbetween the years 1757 and 1767. This edition contains numerousengraved illustrations, which are well known to the collectors ofcurious prints. The fifth volume was dedicated to the Empress ofRussia, who purchased most of the large copies to make presents of.Dibdin says that the editor was nearly ruined by the expenses of thework.
A second edition of The Voyage to Russia, by Elizabeth Justice, waspublished at London in 1746. She was the author of a novel, entitled"Amelia, or the Distressed Wife," probably the story of her ownwrongs. She died in 1752.

XXXVI.The FAITHFUL PAIR, or VIRTUE in DISTRESS, a Tragedy. By John Maxwell,being blind.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, for the use of the author. 1740.
8vo. pp. 38. [B. M.]

XXXVII.HISTORIA COMPENDIOSA ANGLICANA: or, A COMPENDIOUS HISTORY of ENGLAND:Wherein is contained An Account of its Rulers, or Kings, from aboutthe year of the Creation 2851, in the time of the prophet Samuel, tothe year of Salvation 1741. Adorn'd with Portraitures, at length, ofthose Monarchs who have sway'd the British Sceptre since theConquest: The History of the Kings of Scotland, from the Reign ofFergus, Anno Mundi 3618,' till King James the First united that Crownto the English Diadem: And an impartial account of the RomanPontiffs, from St. Peter's Crucifixion, to the present Benedict XIV.who was lately elected.

As likewise

A succinct HISTORY of ROME, from its Foundation byRomulus till the Fall of King Tarquin, occasion'd by the Rape ofchaste Lucretia: An Account of the Consulate, Triumvirate, Higher andLower Empires; the Removal of the Imperial Seat to Constantinople;Division of the Eastern and Western Empires; Dissolution of theformer by the Turks; with the Rise of the Mahometans, and the Livesof their Emperors, to this day.

To which is annexed,

AN APPENDIX, relating to YORK, and thoseillustrious personages that have proved inestimable blessings to thisextensive county: Particularly, a mournful tribute due to theever-beloved memory of the late Right Hon. Charles Howard, Earl ofCarlisle; and likewise to the precious remembrance of the mostincomparable Lady Elizabeth Hastings. A Review of the Churches inYork, shewing their dimensions; with modern inscriptions and epitaphsover the graves of eminent persons of both sexes, who in life havebeen justly celebrated for hospitality, learning, virtue, temper,beauty, and piety. A further historical account of Pontefract, andits once stupendous castle, adorn'd with lofty towers; more than everyet has been exhibited; with the various revolutions of its antientglory, and the surprising valour of its last most remarkabledefenders. Also compleat indexes to the whole, illustrated withexplanatory notes, describing remote parts of the earth; kings famousin ancient mythology; founders of states and monarchies; and manycurious observations proper to entertain the learned and ingeniousreader
Faithfully and diligently collected by Thomas Gent.
YORK: Printed and sold by the author. M.DCC.XLI.
Small 8vo. Poetical invocation and table of contents, 2 pages.Preface, dated Octob. 10, 1740, pp. xvi. Book i. pp. 1—109.Book ii. pp. 110—149. Book iii. pp. 150—253. Book iv.pp. 253—268. After the names of subscribers, 4 pages, isplaced the title of the 2nd volume, as follows:—

HISTORIA COMPENDIOSA ROMANA:

Or a Comprehensive HISTORY of ROME. Interspers'dwith the most remarkable transactions of the East; as also whathappen'd in the Western parts of the world; particularly in thefamous Island of Britain. The foundations of new Empires andKingdoms: imperial and regal inscriptions on coins or medals; withshort but pleasant accounts of several places in the universe, famousfor arts and arms.
Together with additions and appendix, concerning worthy personages,viz. An Elegiac Pastoral on the late Right Honourable Charles Howard,Earl of Carlisle: Stanzas to the precious remembrance of the mostillustrious Lady Elizabeth Hastings: and affectionate memorials,inscrib'd to the shining virtues of several happy deceased, whoproved inestimable blessings, deserving a glorious immortality.Likewise new remarks on the Churches of York, and other places, wheresome of their remains lie interred: An Account of Pontefract with itsecclesiastical buildings; and of its once famous but now ruinatedCastle. The Lamentation over fair Adonis from the original Greek ofBion of Smyrna, which is also beautifully exhibited; and severalcurious observations, extracted from the most ingenious and learnedwriters, that are both profitable and delightful.
Vol. the IId. Diligently collected by Thomas Gent.

Dedication and contents of addenda, 2 pages. Book v. pp.269—289. Book vi. pp. 289—301. Book vii. pp.302—320. Book viii. pp. 320—346. Book ix. pp.346—368. Addenda, pp. 369—376. A Description of David'sHarp, 2 pages, is followed by the title of the appendix:—

APPENDIX: Containing the following Subjects, viz.
I. The holy life and pious death of St. Robert of Knaresborough,Yorkshire: with the dimensions and description of his chapel in therock, near the river Nid. Likewise some antiquities of the town,church, and castle, &c.
II. The Lamentation of Venus for Adonis, translated from the Greek ofBion of Smyrna; which original, carefully corrected, is alsoexhibited to the learned reader.
III. A comprehensive account of the ancient town of Pontefract, inthe aforesaid county, from the times of the Romans, Saxons, Danes,and Normans: In particular of its once magnificent castle, as itstood in the Civil Wars, whilst gallantly defended by ColonelMorrice, Captain Paulden, and other valiant assistants, till therendition of it to General Lambert: With an exact narrative, from anauthentick Manuscript, of its ruin, and demolition, shewing what sumswere expended for destroying the draw-bridges, levelling thebattlemented walls, pulling down its stately gates, and overthrowingits lofty towers. Likewise a faithful account, from the mostindubitable records, of the government of the town since theincorporation of it to the present time. With other historicalaffairs, carefully selected.
IV. Pater Patriæ: Being a pastoral Dialogue, mournfullyoccasioned by the much-lamented death of the late right honourableCharles Howard, Earl of Carlisle: Wherein is humbly attempted thedescription of that beautiful palace of his lordship's erection;surrounded by shady groves, fair gardens, fine lawns, pleasantfountains, stately walls adorned with turrets, and numberlessdecorations to compleat the rural scene; which will give a lastingfame to the precious memory of that hospitable, just, and noblecontriver, the ornament of his country.
V. Britain in Tears: or, England's pious Sorrow for the most lamenteddeath of the late Queen Caroline.
VI. A Review of the Churches in York, alphabetically digested, withwhat remarkable monumental inscriptions have been placed over thedeceased since the year 1730; except such as are conceived to havebeen already mentioned by any historian. The internal dimensions ofeach edifice; and the height of every turret or steeple. With aproper table to find the epitaphs, &c. and other curious matters.Particularly some late Lord-Mayors, Sheriffs, &c. to the year1729; with public transactions in their times.
VII. Verses occasioned on viewing the picture of the King of Israeland Judah, as tho' playing on his harp.
YORK: Printed by Tho. Gent, in the year M.DCC.XXXIX.
Appendix, pp. 70. General Index, pp. xxxviii.
The volume contains sixty-eight wood-cuts on the letter-press.

XXXVIII.PIETY DISPLAYED in the Holy Life and Death of the antient andcelebrated ST ROBERT, HERMIT at KNARESBOROUGH. Shewing, How herelinquished the hopes of an Inheritance as having been the heir ofhis Father, who was twice the Chief Magistrate of York; and livedabstemiously upon Herbs, Roots, &c. on the narrow banks of theRiver Nid; Near which in the Rocks are to be seen his solitary Caveand wonderful Chapel at this very day.
Collected from antient and authentic Records.

By T. Gent.

Quiquid Cœli ambitu continetur inferius abanima humana est, quæ facta est, ut summum bonum superiuspossideret, cujus possessione beata fieret.
AUGUST. Sol. cap. 20.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, near Stonegate.
18mo. pp. 24. [E. H.] A very rude wood-cut of St. Robert'sCave on the title-page, and twenty other woodcuts on theletter-press.*
* This is one of the chap-books "that formed a treasured partof the literature of the Yorkshire Dales-men." For a highlyinteresting aecount of St. Robert of Knaresborough, see Memorials ofFountains Abbey, By J. R. Walbran, F.S,A. ed. Surtees Soc. vol. i p.166, note.

In the title-page of The Second Edition, with additions, adorn'd withcuts," a second motto is introduced:—
Macara aqrein aivna dvron esti ton en uyei vaiontos
i.e. Videre vitam beatam donum est Altissimi.
To see a Lifo that's pure and blest,
Is, sure, the gift of Heav'n confest.
12mo. pp. 24. [J. R.] The text of both editions is a reprintof The Holy Life and Pious Death of St. Robert of Knaresbrough,contained in the Appendix to Historia Compendiosa Anglicana.

Gent had not been a resident of York more than fifteen or sixteenyears when the clouds of adversity began to gather around him.Various circumstances contributed to withdraw from him much of thepatronage he at one time enjoyed. In 1736 Mr. Francis Drake issuedfrom the London press his celebrated work 'The History andAntiquities of the City of York; and its superior pretensions threwthe topographical productions of Gent into the shade. By thedepreciatory and contemptuous manner in which Drake spoke of him inhis preface to Eboracum, Gent was deeply offended, and in oneof his subsequent works he thus sarcastically adverts to hiscontemporary's remarks:— "What adds, I conceive, to that gloryto which I was ever far from aspiring, is the extraordinarycommendation of an eminent writer, Francis Drake of the city of York,gent. F.R.S. and member of the Society of Antiquaries, London; who inhis extensive performance, wherein I am esteemed as a contemporaryhistorian, has not only explicitly mentioned me amongst the shiningbenefactors to the helpless youth of this city; a charity* which, ifHeaven gives me ability, I hope to continue to my utmost verge oflife, but has also in his copious preface, mercifully afforded Mr. T.G. the most laudable encomium, for endeavouring (by inventing,printing, and publishing the history of this famous city)† tosupport his family. Indeed a manifest truth, and the highestpanegyric that I could possibly hope for, nor could I ever think sokind a remembrance in the least worthy of his learnedpen."‡
* The Blue-Coat Boys and Grey-Coat Girls' Charity Schools, towhich Gent was an annual subscriber.
† Gent might justly boast that he was the earliest labourer inthe field of York topography:—
I was the first, the world may plainly see,
That wrote, and nam'd my work York History.
Approv'd, it sold, and printed lines express
My commendation by learned F.R.S. Judas Iscariot, p. 23.
Hist. Compend. Anglic. preface, p. xv. At a laterperiod of Gent's life, when he was in poverty and sickness, Mr. Drakehad opportunities of showing him great kindness, for which hefrequently expresses his gratitude.

In the following year Gent complains of want of employment. "Havingbut too much time to spare (he says), rather than be indolent Istudied music on the harp, flute, and other instruments."§ In1738 the failure of Alexander Staples, who had purchased the Yorkprinting establishment of Mr. John White, made an opening for Mr.Cæsar Ward, an able and enterprising bookseller andtypographer, who soon became a favourite of the public and aformidable rival to Gent.
§ Life, p. 190.
To Mr. Ward's superior management of the YorkCourant, of which he became proprietor and editor in 1740, may beattributed Gent's determination to abandon the newspaper he hadconducted since his first arrival at York.¶

¶ I have met with no specimen of Gent's newspaper laterthan No. 159, issued Aug. 27, 1728, a copy of which is in the libraryof the Yorkshire Philosophical Society. He had then slightly alteredhis first title, and adopted the name of The Original Mercury, YorkJournal, or Weekly Courant. The paper was enlarged in size to 10 in.by 8 in, but reduced in number of pages from eight to four. No. 159contains a column of York news, and two or three advertisements.

"Having printed (he says) the news for several years, for want ofencouragement I was obliged to give it up about this time: I hadstudied and endeavoured to my utmost ability, to make it bear, butthe strength of the Craftsman,* with my misfortunes, had now quiteovercome me. I peaceably dropt into oblivion, without any ludicrousanimadversions of my contemporary brethren."†
* Long extracts were printed weekly in the York Courant fromthe celebrated paper called The Craftsman, which was published inopposition to Sir Robert Walpole's Administration.
† Life, p. 191.
At this stage of his autobiography Gent introduces a long andquerulous history‡ of the gross injustice which, as hesupposed, was done to him and his wife, when they were ousted fromthe possession of a house in Stonegate which had been bequeathed toMrs. Gent by her first husband.
‡ This narrative, which does not appear in the printedlife, occupies nearly ten closely written folio pages of themanuscript.

The circumstances were briefly these. Charles Bourne, not long beforehis death, purchased the house in question, which was held under alease, granted by a former prebendary of North Newbald in thecathedral church of York, for three lives, of whom two were then inbeing. But Bourne was not informed when he made the purchase that,some time previously, a succeeding prebendary had granted areversionary lease to another person, the effect of which was todeprive Bourne and his successors of the right, which they wouldotherwise have been entitled to exercise, of renewing the existinglease. Bourne did not discover this fact until after he had paid hismoney. His widow abstained from imparting it to Gent until after theywere married. When Gent ascertained that the house would passirrecoverably from him and his wife, upon the death of "a weak oldgentlewoman," the surviving life in their lease, he was besidehimself with rage and disappointment. He fancied that the loss ofthis property would plunge him into irretrievable ruin. "With heavysighs and bitter anguish," he exclaims, "did I bemoan our totteringcondition." Poverty and its gloomy attendants constantly stared himin the face. He first attempted to prevail upon Mr. Alderman Read,.the lessee in reversion, to afford him some redress, and upon thatgentleman's refusal, he poured out upon him all the vials of hiswrath. He then applied to the Rev. Mr. Hitch, who had been appointedto the stall of North-Newbald, upon the death of the prebendary bywhom the reversionary lease was granted. Mr. Hitch treated Gent withcourtesy, but was unable to assist him. At length the dreaded eventhappened. In January 1740 "a heavy stroke of adverse fortune " befelhim. The old lady died whose life was the last in the lease, and Gentand his wife had to relinquish possession of the house in Stonegate,which they once hoped would have been a refuge for them when theyshould have to quit Coffee-Yard, where he was only tenant from yearto year.†
Whilst Gent was tormenting himself by brooding over imaginary wrongs,and engaging in disputes and controversies with his neighbours, anopportunity was afforded to him, which he unwisely neglected toimprove, of being reconciled to his relative and former opponent Mr.John White of Newcastle, who at this time was one of the mostrespectable and flourishing printers and publishers in the north ofEngland, and whose good offices might have been of great value to
Gent. In October 1741, Mr. White wrote to him as follows:

* John Read esquire, of Sandhutton near York, Lord Mayor 1719and 1746.
† During the severe winter of 1739-40 the river Ouze wasfrozen over, and Gent was glad to gather a few pence by setting up onthe ice a quasi press, and printing for sale on smallbroadsides some of his own wood-cuts and doggrel verses, to which headded the name of the purchaser. Mr. Hailstone possesses onespecimen, and another is in the collection of Mr. Sumner, ofWoodmansey, near Beverley.

Mr. Gent,
I some time since advised John Gilfillan that I would write to youabout some black letter. Therefore as that sort of letter is now oflittle use, I desire that you would spare me 30 or 40 pound weight ofthe great primmer black, English black, pica black, small pica black,and long primmer black. There was a quantity of each sort design'd meby my father, but how I was prevented, knows not. It is of no use butnow and then for a word; and as it is of no great value, I hope youwill comply with my request, and I will pay you for it what JohnGilfillan agrees to.
My poor spouse has been obliged to keep her bed, and is so very weakthat I am of opinion she will not recover her strength again. Ishould take it kind if either you or your spouse would write toinform us of your health, and that there might be a friendshipcarried on. For if my spouse should be removed, I have no relationshere but her two brothers. Be so kind as to give me a letter as soonas you can. My spouse joins in service to you both.
I am, your affectionate kinsman,
JOHN WHITE.

Gent could not overcome his, feelings of resentment against Mr.White. He received this friendly overture but coldly, and declined toaccommodate the son of his old master with the type he wished for."There was no obligation," he observes,* "that I should part with mymaterials to oblige him who had proved so severe against me, as toset up others who had just done the like, and therefore my spouse,for I would write nothing, sent this answer:"—
* MS. Life, fo. 87.

Dear Uncle,
If you was in York you might perceive that having only reservedperfect so much of our black characters from metal, &c. it couldnever be sufficient for two houses, and quite destroy its utility forone. And this you might see in a clergyman's book printed last year,by way of question and answer, the former being in English; my dearwas obliged to make use of the little of each different, from smallcases he had contrived on purpose, in sort of drawers, like toletter-boards, that they might be less cumbersome: But as little aswe have, we shall willingly send you any words you may want, to thequantity of a page, not doubting but you will return the same.
The kind expression of future friendship is to us an inconceivablesatisfaction. Would to God we had never occasion to have seem'dotherwise, to the great uneasiness we have had in life, which yourhappier station has freed you from. For, Sir, you may now perceive byyour first setting up against us, now printing is made a common artto every interloping invader, no less than threatning the utterdestruction of its true professors. So disincouraging to my dear,that had my late illness removed me, he would not have stay'd in thiscountry: For what comfort can any have, to be circumvented in theircommon subsistence, and depriv'd of their effects dearly earn'd byhonest industry! However, better tho' we could have wish'd ouraffairs, yet we shall ever carefully endeavour, and rely on God'sgood providence. You know that my dear is constant to what heprofesses; and I have heard him say that if he was as fully satisfy'dthat your friendship could be as firm to him as his harmless thoughtswould be determinate to your good, scarcely human power should alterhis sentiments: That however hard his fortune has been, or may be,his good wishes are still the same: One is, that Madam White mayhappily recover! And should it please God to take her to his arms,you may not want all possible consolation in this world, 'till youmeet the like happy translation. With my dear I combine; and am, inparticular, dear Sir!
Your affectionate Niece,
ALICE GENT.
[Love at first sight:or, the wit of a woman. A ballad opera of two acts, by Joseph Yarrow,comedian. York: printed by Thomas Gent, 1742.{UNC-CH}Bodleian]

[Trick upon trick, or, The vintner out-witted: a farce. London:Printed by Thomas Gent. [1742]{UNC-CH}]


A few months after Gent had published the book he entitled HistoriaCompendiosa Anglicana, he quarrelled with the owners of the house andprinting-office in Coffee-Yard, where he and his predecessors hadlived and carried on business for more than a century. After somelitigation and much acrimonious correspondence he gave notice todetermine his tenancy at the end of the current year. Happily he hadbeen prudent enough to provide himself with another home, and atMartinmas 1742 he left Coffee-Yard, and established himself and hisprinting-press in a freehold house in Petergate which he hadpurchased several years previously. He acquainted the public with hischange of residence by the following announcement:

Advertisement, Peter-Gate, York.M.DCC.XLIII.
To all ingenious Lovers of Art and Industry.

Having in the year 1724 removed my printing-pressand letters from London to this ancient City, on the occasion ofespousing the widow of Mr. Charles Bourne, printer, grandson to thememorable Mr. John White, and since then followed my lawfulprofession for the preservation of my family, with uncommon care andindustry to the present time: I take this happy opportunity in givingnotice, that I am now removed into Petergate, (that which is calledthe lower part of it,) but a little way from Stonegate. I humblyhope, thro' divine assistance, that the favourable munificence of myfriends, considering the contingencies in life, will generouslyextend to the place of my new settlement, repair'd to withstand theinclemency of the weather, freed from all filthy incumbrances, and bycredible apartments fit to entertain the better sort of well-bredLodgers, or Customers that rightly encourage the true typographicalartists; those only that become such by vertue of lawful indentures,&c., and not by interloping, surreptitious methods, to the ruinof honest practitioners; which House in Petergate is made asnecessary for a Printing-Office, as tho' it had been contrived twohundred years ago: Where Books in Greek, Latin, and English; alsoMathematical Work, Warrants, Hand-Bills, &c. may be printed in aneat and correct manner. Likewise all sorts of curious printing-work,that Gentlemen and others shall have occasion to use, can artfully bedone to satisfaction; Travellers furnish'd with various sorts ofChapmens Books; Paper, Pens and Ink to be sold; as also thecelebrated Daffey's Elixir, with Pictures and various other Sorts ofGoods.
[A List follows of the books published and sold by Thomas Gent,citizen of London and York.]

SOLI DEO HONOR ET GLORIA.


The autobiography of Gent terminates soon after his removal intoPetergate. His last date is August 1744, when he speaks of theimprovements he had made in his new dwelling for the greaterconveniency of his business.*

* In one of his doggrel verses, written twenty years later, hethus alludes to his new abode:
Who tho' in Stonegate torn from life's estate,
Yet found an home in fam'd St. Peters-gate,
Where, Heav'n be prais'd, he built his printing-room,
Cover'd with lead, a turret for a dome.
The house in Petergate, which is situate opposite to a mansionformerly the residence of Dr. Alexander Hunter, and now of Dr. GeorgeShann, is yet in existence, having undergone little alteration sinceGent's time.

By the addition of a tower at the top, and a platform covered withlead, he had provided an agreeable retreat for the social recreationof himself and his friends.
The first work he printed at his new-built office in Petergate wasThe Life of St. Winifred, a poem of his own composition. In the YorkCourant of November 2nd, 1742, he advertised his intendedpublication, intimating that whoever pleased to subscribe might sendtheir names to the author, that they might be inserted. On the 21stof December following the work was announced to be "this daypublished," price, bound, one shilling and sixpence.

XXXIX.The HOLY LIFE and DEATH of ST. WINEFRED; and other Religious Persons.In Five parts. Wherein is set forth the Glory of North Wales, thro'the powerful vertue of Holy-Well, in Flintshire; and a just Accountof some of the many wonderful cures that have been perform'd, thro'the Blessing of Heaven, by the salutary streams of that most sacredFountain.
With pious Annotations from the Holy Scriptures, and early Writers ofthe Church, concerning the Judgments and Mercies of Almighty God: Whopunisheth wicked Oppressors; but preserves the Souls and Bodies ofthe truly Faithful; Such, of every Denomination, who, following theprescriptions of most learned Doctors, shall humbly rely on HisDivine Providence.
ALSO proper Cuts to distinguish particular passages relating to thecruel Sufferings of our Blessed Saviour, who died for our Sake; andthose precious bleeding Victims of both Sexes sacrificed for theirLove to Him; with other mournful and instructive Remarks neverpublished by any Writer of the Life of this noble and celebratedVirgin.
Done into Verse; With an Epitome in Prose, and a compleat Index forthe greater Delight and Ease of the Reader.
Qui honorat Martyres, honorat CHRISTUM.
S. AUG. de Sanctit.

Dedicated to a Divine of the Establish'dChurch.
Written by Thomas Gent.

YORK: Printed by the Author in his new-builtOffice in Peter-Gate: and sold by John Hopkins, in Preston,Lancashire; and other Booksellers in the country. M.DCC.XLIII.

Title of Part I.

BRITISH PIETY DISPLAY'D in the glorious Life,Suffering, and Death of the Blessed ST. WINIFRED: A Noble Virgin,martyr'd for her renowned Chastity, in Wales: Where, at hercelebrated Fountain, called Holy-Well, many afflicted persons havebeen happily freed from their most dangerous distempers in pastcenturies: The salutiferous quality of which Water, continuing in thepresent age, occasions its Fame to be spread in far distantKingdoms.
Ecclesia numquam florentior, quam cum affictior inter cruces etgladios suorum martyrum pugnas et victorias spectavit. Natura rerumad Deum nos erigit. Quam magnica sunt Opera tua, DOMINE!
"DEUS ter Optimus Maximus in aquis summas excellentissimas recondiditvires salutares, quarum tanta est præstantiâ utlongè multumque omnibus aliis remediorun generibus sintsuperiores."

Part the First.

YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent.

Part II. has the same title as Part I.
In the titles of Parts III. IV. and V. an English translation of thesecond motto is added, and the impress stands thus:—
YORK: Printed and sold by the author Tho. Gent in Petergate, Annodom. M.DCC.XLII.
An epitome of the Life of St. Winefred, and an index to the whole,follow Part V.
12mo. Dedication, 3 leaves. Table of Contents and List ofSubscribers, 2 leaves. Text of each of the five parts, pp. 24.Epitome, Index, and advertisements of Gent's books, pp. 24.Thirty-five wood-cuts on the letter-press. [J. R.] [E.H.]
The dedication to the Rev. Mr. Thomas Standish is dated York,Petergate, 1743; and subscribed, "Your affectionate uncle and humbleservant, Thomas Gent."

The Life of St. Winifred is the longest of Gent's productions inverse, consisting of nearly four hundred stanzas of six lines each.The author tells us that "he writ the original by a sort ofinspiration, on recovery from sickness." The Litanies, Prayers, andHymn of the virgin saint, he has copied from a work by BishopFleetwood, entitled The Life and Miracles of St. Wenefrede, togetherwith her Litanies; with some historical observations thereon.*
* 8vo. London, 1713.

XL.The REFLECTION; a POEM, by John Maxwell, Author of the Play calledVirtue in Distress:
The Author being blind.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent in Petergate, where may be had the HolyLife and Death of St. Winifred. Price, bound, 1s. 6d. 1743.
8vo. pp. 28. [E. H.]

XLI.The ROYAL CAPTIVE; a TRAGEDY,
By John Maxwell, being blind.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent for the use of the Author. 1745.
8vo. pp. 40. List of Subscribers, 4 pages. [E. H.]

The blind poet was patronised by a numerous array of subscribers,including many persons of rank.

XLII.ITINERARIUM TOTIUS SACRÆ SCRIPTURÆ: An Abstract of theLives and Travels of the Holy Patriarchs, Prophets, Judges, Kings,our Saviour Christ and his Apostles, &c. As they are related inthe Old and New Testament: With the meaning of every distinct Bookand Chapter of the Bible, from the Beginning of Genesis, to the Endof the Revelation. By way of Question and Answer, with additionalNotes and Observations to each book; principally design'd for the useof Schools, but of absolute necessity in every Christian Family.
Together with Tables of Scripture Measure, Weights, and Coins,calculated, and by Decimal Arithmetick reduced, to our Englishvaluation.
A Table to find the Moveable Feasts for ever, by a certain Figure,without the help of the Dominical Letter and Golden Number, moreeasy, plain, and expeditious.
Also a Table of Time, viz. Months, Days of the Week, and Hours of theDay.
With an Index to the whole Sacred History, giving an Account of themost remarkable passages, pointing to the time wherein they happen'd,to the places of Scripture wherein they are recorded, and to thepages of this Book wherein they are considered and explained.

By C. Brown, late of Norton, Gent.

Our Saviour's own words are, Search theScriptures. Joh. v. 39. St. Paul saith, Meditate upon these things,being written for our learning. 1 Tim. iv. 15; 1 Cor. xx. 2. AndDavid, Thy word is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path`.Psal. cxix. 105. The law of thy mouth is dearer unto me thanthousands of gold and silver. Ver. 72.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, for the Author.
M. DCC.XLVI.
8vo. Title and preface, pp. xiv. Old Testament, pp. 186. NewTestament, pp. 120. [R. D.]
Prefixed to the above is a shorter title, dated 1748, and facing itis an engraved portrait of C. Brown the younger, with the followingmotto:
Faveat magno fortuna labori
Annosa, et molli contingat vita senecta,
Ut possim rerum tantas emergere moles.
Manilius, Lib. 1.

Assist me, Fortune, and improve my thought,
Equal my mind to my vast task, prolong
My life in ease, smooth as my flowing song.

Between the title-pages are inserted a list of subscribers,containing more than 600 names gathered from all parts of Yorkshire,Durham, and Northumberland, 4 pages; and tables of Scripture measure,&c. 2 pages. At p. 19 is an engraved plate representing MountSinai, with Moses and Aaron holding the tables of the Law. T. Smith,sculp. On the letterpress of p. 104 is a rude wood-cut of King Davidplaying on the harp.
In 1751 and 1752 editions of this work were published at London,"illustrated with twelve curious copper-plates engraved by the besthands."

XLIII.A SPEECH made by His Grace the LORD ARCHBISHOP of YORK at presentingan Association enter'd into at the Castle of York, Sept. the 24th,1745.
YORK: Printed for John Hildyard, Bookseller in Stonegate. M.DCC.XLV.Folio. pp. 8.
Dr. Thomas Herring was Archbishop of York from 1743 to 1747. Thisspeech, which was delivered at a meeting of the nobility, gentry, andclergy of the county of York, held in the Castle-yard, "was the firstalarm that was given to the nation; and will be ever remembered tothe archbishop's honour." In a letter from the prelate to his friendWilliam
Duncombe, esquire, dated Bishop-Thorp, Oct. 15, 1745, he says, " Iwas extremely mortified at a letter to-day from Mr. Herring, in whichhe told me that he had not sent you a sermon and speech because hedid not know where you lived. I ask your pardon for being socareless, but, indeed, I had given him my orders to you among thefirst of my friends. You see what a bustle these ruffians have madein the nation. I little thought I should have been the subject of somuch observation at this juncture; my meaning being only to dischargemy duty in my proper sphere and station; but be the event what itwill, I hope I shall have the grace never to repent of doing my bestservice to my country." *
* Letters from the late Archbishop of Canterbury to WilliamDuncombe, esq. deceased. London. 8vo. 1777, p.83.

The conversation: or, thelady's tale. A novel. By John Maxwell, being blind. York: printed byThomas Gent, 1742. {UNC-CH}]

[The famous history ofthat renowned hero, Guy, Earl of Warwick. By Samuel Smithson. York:printed by Thomas Gent [1750?] {UNC-CH}]

[A choice penny-worth ofwit: or, a clear distinction between a virtuyous wife, and a wantonharlot. In three parts. Part I. How a merchant was deluded from hislady by a harlot,... Part II. How he sail'd to a far country,... PartIII. How he return'd richly loaden to the British shore:... 8p;120.Bodleian]


XLIV.THE WARNING, a RELIGIOUS POEM, on the Contagious Distemper among theHorned Cattle of this Kingdom, &c.
By James Burton, a prisoner in York Castle.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent. 1752.
8vo. [B. M. 11,631, c.]

[The Warning: areligious and divine poem upon the contageous distemper among thehorned cattle of this kingdon: also touching the late rebellion,earthquakes, etc. pp. 24. Thomas Gent: York, 1752.8o.]

XLV.ANTHEMS for Two, Three, Four, Five, Six, Seven, and Eight Voices. Asthey are now perform'd, In the Cathedral and Metropolitical Church ofSt. Peter, in YORK: In the Cathedral Church of Christ, and BlessedMary the Virgin, in DURHAM: And, in the Cathedral Church of BlessedMary the Virgin in LINCOLN. To which is prefix'd,
A Table of the Preachers, and the Times of their preaching, in thesaid Cathedrals.
Collected by Thomas Ellway, Master of the Children of the Cathedralin York.

The Second Edition.
With the addition of Fifteen New Anthems.

YORK: Printed for John Hildyard. 1753.
12mo. pp. xix. 139. Colophon: "York: Printed by Thomas Gent." Amongthe fifteen additional anthems, two are by Mr. Ellway. [J.R.]

XLVI.THE POLITE ASSEMBLY: or the Charms of Solitude displayed. By JohnMaxwell, being blind.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent for the use of the Author. 1757.
8vo. pp. 28, with a list of subscribers. [E. H.]

XLVII.A New TRAGEDY, call'd THE DISTRESSED VlRGIN. By John Maxwell, beingblind.
York: Printed by Thomas Gent for the use of the Author. 1761.
8vo. pp. 28, with a list of subscribers. [E. H.]

XLVIII.The KING of PRUSSlA'S pious Confession of Faith, which he caused tobe addressed to all the Protestant Ministers in the Diet of theEmpire at Ratisborn.
YORK: Re-Printed by Thomas Gent.
Broadside. [R. D.]

XLIX.A FORM of PRAYER and Thanksgiving to Almighty God; To be used atMorning and Evening Service, after the General Thanksgiving, theSunday after the Ministers receive the same, in all Churches andChapels throughout England; on the Surrender of Pondicherry and theIslands of Belleisle and Dominica, and the late glorious success ofHis Majesty's Arms in Germany.

By His Majesty's Special Command.*

YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, near St. Peter'sCathedral.
Broadside. A rude woodcut of the Minster. [R. D.]

L.Design'd for the press, in 8 or 10 exhibitions, weekly, at 3 penceeach time, provided a tolerable number subscribe, whose names are tobe printed.

The Instructive, Poetical, andEntertaining
HISTORY of the ANCIENT MILITIA in YORKSHIRE
Under the renowned King Venusius.

Occasioned by his perfidious queen Cartismandua:who not only took the usurping Armour Bearer Velocatus into hersalacious embraces, but ejected her royal spouse from the throne;besides betraying Caracticus to Cæsar, with whom she sidedagainst her Country: for which unnatural treachery the subjectsraised a potent army to defend their injur'd sovereign from wickedcombinations: All which occasion these entertaining subjects, notpublished in English before, as preparatory to a better work, andproper to be perused for its pleasing antiquity throughout thenation.
I. A Journey thro' Yorkshire: the City describ'd in its ancient stateduring Heathenism, when its royal founder King Ebranc reigned withhis fair queen Bederna: where likewise Severus resided, whose funeralhonours were exhibited near Acomb: And, how Constantine the great(son of Chlorus and Helena) was proclaimed Emperor; who, departing toItaly, gave orders for destroying the Temples of Idolatry.
II. Traditional Observations of our famous mountains and rivers; andof the towns, castles, and sylvan fortresses inhabited by heroes andheroines: their various preparations for war, whilst arming indefence of their much abused prince who miraculously obtain'd theprophetic shield by the Cumæan Sybil. Interspersed withnarrations concerning ancient Mythology, with inventors of necessaryarts and sciences.
III. An Account of the famous Battle in all its glory; the worthiesslain on either side: the astonishing valour of fair Sabella, whoslew the perfidious queen: How the puissant Arviragus overcame Didiusthe Roman General; and of the said king of the Brigantes, who(killing many brave enemies) wounded Vespasian, and overthrew themighty Serranus: by which means the Yorkshire champions gain'd acomplete victory over the foes, according to Camden's famouswritings.

By Thomas Gent, Printer.

Written under cruel disappointment, and waitingfor paper. A.C. M.DCC.LX.
* The order was issued on the 26th July, 1761.

8vo. 1 page within a border. A woodcut of two knights on horseback infull tilt. The prospectus is followed by an account of books printedand published by the author, and sold at the printing-press in St.Peter's Gate, pp. 3. Fifteen woodcuts on the letter-press.

When Gent printed the preceding prospectus of a work which he wasnever able to publish, it is apparent that he was reduced to alamentable state of indigence. In the following year the bad taste ofthe people of York allowed the aged printer to make an exhibition ofhis grey hairs and failing powers upon the public stage at arepresentation, by puppets* or fantoccini, of the tragedy of JaneShore, of which notice was given by the following advertisementprinted by himself:—
* Yet when we ponder on event of things,
How vary'd fortune changes mighty kings,
'Twill be no myst'ry I descend ao low,
As to harangue before a puppet show.

Prologue to Jane Shore, p. 3


LI.
At the OLD SCHOOL-ROOM† inTHURSDAY-MARKET, on Monday, the 16 Instant, will be acted the deepTragedy of JANE SHORE, for the Benefit of MASTER TOMMY GENT, Printer,who, if Health permits, will pronounce an Occasional Prologue; and anEpilogue of humble Thanks suitable to the Occasion.
Extraordinary Performances, several uncommon Oddities, andastonishing Feats of Activity, from London:—
I. A large and curious Machine Clock-Work. This curious Prospect isthree Yards and an Half high, and two Yards and an Half broad. Itgrindes three Hundred old Men and Women young every Night, which isperformed by four large Wind-Mills. The Top of it represents a largeClock; the Right Side the Sun rising; the Left Side the Moon andStars; the Middle Part, a large Tavern, an Ale-house, and aWind-Mill, with the Windows of them thrown up, and the People lookingout, by the Motion of the Clock; below is a representation of Trades,Spinners, Grinders, &c. The next is a set of Men and Womendancing; next is a large Clock Almanack, which goes by Fire, on eachside of that, represents the Sun in Eclipse, the other is the Sun infull power. The Front stands on four large Pillars, with four SilverCapitals upon them. All move at once by a large Clock and Chimes.
II. The present Royal Family of the Court of Berlin, in Prussia, inWax-Work, Six Feet high.

New Performances every Night.

III. A Dance by Madam Pompadour, or the LilliputQueen.
IV. A Grand View of the taking of the town of Montreal, with thegreat Hill in view which the Town takes its Name from, the high Townand low, the Lights will be seen in the Houses, the French and IndianArmies in sight, the White Flag or Truce, the red Flag of Englandhoisted up, all the Row Galleys, &c. with the rough River St.Lawrence, the Landing of the Men, and the English Marching into theTown.—The Plan taken by one that was in Montreal, but now inYork.
*** There will be a good Fire in theRoom every Night.

Prices.—Pit, One Shilling. MiddleGlallery, Sixpence. Back Seats, Threepence.
To begin betwixt Six and Seven o'Clock.

] Nothing of this magnified by anyGlasses.

N.B. Private Performances any time of theday, on giving two Hours Notice.


Having accepted Mr. Clark's kind offer of a Benefit inThursday-Market, where on Wednesday the 18th Instant will be actedthe deep Tragedy of the unfortunate Jane Shore; I intend, if Healthpermit, to pronounce a Prologue and Epilogue, I hope idoneous to thePlay, and suitable to my circumstances, in Age, at this Time ofSorrow, when my dear Spouse, in a valetudinary State, thro' meerLongevity, is reduced to a Melancholy Condition. It will be a greatComfort to us both to enjoy the Favour of kind Friends; if not, yettheir children and Servants: Unquestionably a bright Instance ofCharity; that beholding their Presence my Obligations will beconfirm'd to many in this ancient City, whose endearing Benevolence Ihave received with such grateful Affection, that will continue in myMemory till in this transitory Life l shall be no more. ThomasGent.
Tickets for Shilling, Six or Three Penny Seats are to be had of Mr.Clark and me.
† A large room which was for many years appropriated tothe use of one of the best of the York middle-class schools. Itformed the upper story of a building, called Thursday-Market Cross,which was erected in 1705 for the shelter and accommodation of themarket people. The structure was demolished by the Corporation in1815.

The Prologue and Epilogue which he spoke on this occasion were of hisown composition, and were afterwards printed with the followingtitle:—

LII.The CONTINGENCIES, VICISSITUDES, or CHANGES of this transitoryLife.
Set forth in a long and pathetick PROLOGUE Spoken for the most parton Wednesday and Friday the 18th and 20th of February, 1761. At thedeep Tragedy of the beautiful, eloquent, tender-hearted, butunfortunate Jane Shore, Concubine to the goodly King Edward IV. andthe sufferings of Princess Elizabeth, acted in Thursday Market, York,at Mr. Clark's Theatre.
With a Benedictive Epilogue of Thanks To the worthy and charitableBeholders.
By Thomas Gent, Master Printer: Being uttered and performed at hisBenefit, and now published by the desire of some friends, who thenheard him.
Afflictus sum, et humiliatus sum nimis. Memor fui dierumantiquorum, meditatus sum in omnibus operibus tuis. Velociter exaudime Domine.
Psal. cxlli. 5, 7.
YORK: Printed by the Author.
8vo. pp. 24. [R. D.]

There is much pathos, if but little poetry, in the lines with whichthe poor printer commences this long and tediouseffusion:—
Strange, that a Printer, near worn out thro' age,
Should be impell'd, so late, to mount the stage!
In silver'd Hairs, with Heart nigh fit to break,
Thus to amuse, who scarce has words to speak!
Sententious, sweet; things worthy your regard.
For me to vent, with patience to be heard.
Spare my weak lines, since skreen'd by pow'rful truth,
And me, in years, who lov'd YORK from my youth.
To know such judges that, I'm sure, are here;
Might strike a bold Demosthenes with fear!
To see an audience, so illustrious, shine,*
Like constellations, by the pow'r divine;
May human sense, in ev'ry passion, wound;
And with excess, extreme, my thoughts confound.
* The theatre was so filled the first night (intermingled withmany eminent personages) that several who had tickets could not beadmitted for want of room. Prologue to Jane Shore, p. 18,note.

Not many weeks passed after Gent had submitted to this degradationwhen the death of his wife was added to his other afflictions. He hasrecorded this event in his own peculiar manner:—
It was on Wednesday, April 1, 1761, N.S. between the hours of x. andxi. in the night that my beloved dear, Mrs. Alice Gent, meeklyresigned up her precious soul (that curious and unsearchable particleof Divinity) to its Maker; leaving me in a disconsolate condition.According to her desire, of being kept 3 or 4 days, and buried in anoaken coffin, lin'd with flannel; her terrene part was not inhum'dtill Sunday the 5th instant: Whose Cœmitary, nigh a pleasantriver, was most agreeable to my choice, adjacent to the fair-situatedchurch of St. Olave, King, (borne thither in an herse, attended by mein a mourning coach,) and placed opposite a pillar of the desecratedruins of the once venerable Abbey dedicated to the blessed VirginMary, near whose remains it is my earnest desire to be laid after mydissolution.†
† Ibid. p. 19, note.

[A new tragedy: cali'd[sic], The distressed virgin. By John Maxwell, being blind.1761. Bodleian]


LIII.SONG of the ANGELS, at the Nativity of our Blessed Saviour. Luke ii.from ver. 8 to ver. 15.
YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, who is printing by subscription, TheScriptural History of the Great East Window in York Minster.
Broadside, inserted in a book of music which had belonged to Gent.[E. H.]

Gent's History of the Great East Window was the result of a longperiod of "studious application." The printing of the work was inprogress five or six years before it was published, until at lengthsome persons who had given their names, and probably paid theirsubscriptions, became impatient for its appearance. This is alludedto by the author in his prologue to Jane Shore:*—
I meet with those who at me strangely look,
Or, ludicrous, cry out, The Book! this Book!
Have we not cause thine honesty to doubt?
To save your credit, what can you find out ?
* Prologue to Jane Shore, p. 9.

In a note to this passage he says, " Indeed they need not; for I amas much, if not more, concern'd about the book, and them. The list ofsubscribers, and the index, with a very few occurring additions,almost composed, only remain to be impressed; which, reluctant to mynature, and for very cogent reasons, in forcing me to seek necessaryprovisions for me and mine, have been untimely prevented. But theymay be assured (tho' even now under several painful difficulties) myintervals shall be employed in using my utmost endeavours to satisfymy friends soon as possible I can."

LIV.THE MOST DELECTABLE, SCRIPTURAL, and PIOUS HISTORY of the famous andmagnificent GREAT EASTERN WINDOW (according to beautifulPortraitures) in St. Peter's Cathedral, York: Previous thereto is aremarkable account how the antient Churches were differently erectedby two famous Kings; the present built by five excellent Archbishops,one extraordinary Bishop with others; the Names of sepulchredpersonages, and important affairs worthy remembrance.
A Book, which might be styl'd, The History of Histories. Succinctlytreated of, in three Parts.
I. Of the Celestial Hierarchy in refulgent Glory, with Patriarchs,Prophets, Evangelists, Apostles, Saints, and Martyrs; likewise oftheir Holy Living and Dying.
II. The glorious manner of the Creation; the Antediluvian State ofNature; Noah's Ark; Erection of Babel; King Melchisedek's receptionof Abram; Isaac blessing Jacob; Moses providentially found byPrincess Merisia; his Meeting with Aaron, and appearing before thethrone of her royal Father; Joseph and his brethren receiving thepatriarchal benediction; the sudden Immersion of the Egyptian Monarchwith his Host in the Red Sea; the Death of Samson; Fall of Goliath;and Absalom's Suspension.
III. The Revelation of St. John agreeable to the predictions ofDaniel; Not only concerning the mighty Empires of Assyrians, Medes,Persians, &c. but the Spiritual Kingdom of our Redeemer JesusChrist, even to His tremendous appearance at the most solemn Tribunalof Judgment.

Likewise is added,

A Chronological Account of some eminentPersonages, therein depicted, anciently remarkable for theirLearning, Virtue, and Piety.
By Thomas Gent, Printer, æt. 70. A.C. M.DCC.LXII.
Si quid novisti rectius istis,
Candidus imperti: si non, his utere mecum.
HOR.
City renown'd! if better's known, proclaim;
If not, pray this peruse and spare to blame.
Spare me in age, who lov'd you from my youth;
And let my humble style be skreen'd by Truth;
Much as you can, conserve this Work of mine!
At least let Fame still live, endeav'ring thine.
Since 'tis for you I write—like, done by me
When none was extant, York's fair History:
That bless'd as then by those deserving praise;
I may with grateful pray'rs conclude my Days;
And may that kindness which like Rivers flow,
Yield heav'nly Life for those you serve below.
IMPRESSED for the Author, in ST. PETER'S GATE.
Octavo.

The preface, "dated St. Peter's Gate, York, May 4, 1757, and (thro'benignity of friends) ended 176O," pp. i—xviii.
The author's imploration and proem, pp. xix—xxiv.
The History of the Tracery in the beautiful Eastern Window. The firstbook, pp. 1—69.
The Religious and Instructive History of the Eastern Window. Secondbook, pp. 71—98.
The Visional and Solemn History of the Great Window. In ninepartitions, to No. 108. Third book. Concluding the last row, toNumber 117, pp. 99—192.
The author's Desire, Wish, and Prayer, pp. 193—196.
Index and Table, pp. 12. Names of Subscribers21 D2 pages.

The wood-cuts which are printed on almost every page of theletter-press are numberless.* Facing the title is inserted anindescribably wretched representation of the East Window, with thefollowing notice prefixed: "That an humble specimen of this piouswork of our ancestors, which is so carefully preserv'd by the presentgovernours of the church, representing the sacred hierarchy ofblessed angels, the noble order of martyrs and confessors, thepatriarchs, prophets, apostles, &c and indeed the wonderfulrevelations of our most holy religion, may at an easy expence beexhibited to the common people, as it has been, amongst the rich andlearned, engraven on copper, tho' in a lesser degree than this:THOMAS GENT, Citizen of London and York, in the sixty-fourth year ofhis age, has attempted, with a small instrument, to carve out whatyou behold impressed on pliant wood, as an humble mite offered to thehonour of GOD, for which the whole stupendous and magnificentbuilding was piously erected."
* Mr. Upcott states the number to be 626. English Topog. vol.iii. p. 1378.

Facing the title of the first book is inserted on a folding leaf aplan of York, and a vignette view of the city, with the followingletter-press:—
PIOUS CONTEMPLATIONS on the Sacred Histories, Prophesies, andMysteries of Holy Religion; Ancient and Evangelical; most graciouslyderived from the Lord, our Supreme Creator; Exhibited by admirablepersonages, divinely inspired; and very beautifully represented inecclesiastical Buildings.
By Thomas Gent, Printer, aged 65, A.C. 1757.
Afflictus sum, et humiliatus sum nimis. Psal. xxxvii. 8.
Memor fui dierum antiquorum, meditatus sum in omnibus operibustuis. Velociter exaudi me Domine. cxlii. 5, 7.
YORK: Impressed and published by the Author in St. Peter'sGate.

The paper and typography of the History of the East Window are of themost inferior description, and the wood-cuts by which it is intendedto be illustrated are insufferably bad, both in design and execution.To the scanty list of subscribers Gent prefixes this touchingaddress:—
" The names of my kind subscribers for this book; to whom and severalcommiserating benefactors, (who wisely considered what the best maybe subject to thro' years, losses, oppressions, inevitablemisfortunes, &c.) I return my sincerest thanks; and shallacknowledge the same 'till my latest breath."
"Bless them, kind Heaven! because rememb'ring me,
In my long sickness and adversity:
And grant thy aid, who knows my soul's desire,
To praise thy church, like David with his lyre:
That when above we altogether meet,
Thy love and our's may sound in consort sweet."

Gent's love of invoking the Muses never forsook him. At the veryclose of his career he attempted a translation, in the heroic stanza,of a Latin poem entitled Reliquiæ Eboracenses;*published by Dr. Heneage Dering, Dean of Ripon, in 1743.
* Reliquiæ Eboracenses, Per H. D. Ripensem. Eboraci:typis C. Ward et B. Chandler, 4to. 1743. See p. 246,postea.

After the list of the subscribers to his History of the East Window,he introduces a page of verses with the followingpreface:—
" Having a little space here, I humbly thought proper to present thefollowing page as a specimen of what I wrote concerning this famouscounty, which I spoke of in my prologue. The whole may be compriz'd,with notes, in about 8 sheets. If I obtain but 100 subscriptions Iwill venture to publish; and if not, shall resignedly suffer the poemto rest in oblivion. But my design is good, since I have so lovedYorkshire, that almost my life has been taken up to do my best toplease its worthy inhabitants; at least to stimulate better pens thanmine to enlarge and write on such excellent subjects as are trulyworthy their most serious perusal, either for agreeable amusement, orrather divine contemplation."*
* In his prologue to Jane Shore, Gent thus refers to the Deanof Ripon's poem:—
A piece I found, thro' odd and sudden chance,
(Half truth I b'lieve, and t'other half romance;)
That took me up almost a winter's space,
To sing of Yorkshire and its noble race.
Subjects sublime, impartial, from a DEAN,
Who could form dramas and the truth maintain.
Few to relieve me, tho' so strictly try d;
Nor any Memmius o'er me to preside;
But when deserted by ungrateful friends,
Delightful studies made some small amends:
At least the mind from troubles disengage;
And smooth the harsh severities of age;
Enrich our souls for greater joys above,
Where all is glory, ecstacy, and love.

The End.

He afterwards committed to the press the whole ofhis translation, with the running title of "Historical Delights, orAncient Glories of Yorkshire;" but it was never published in anyregular form. A few copies are extant, printed on the coarsest paperand in the rudest type, without title-page or introduction of anykind.

The introductory and concluding stanzas may serve as a specimen ofthe whole:—

LV.HISTORICAL ANTIQUITIES.

BOOK I.

Fair Yorkshire bounds I'll range with pilgrim'sart;
And pleasant things, not quite obscur'd, impart;
Since ancient times hold not in darksome chains,
But still will burst thro' clouds some small remains;
The deeds of heroes, monuments sublime,
Subjects for prose, or more immortal rhyme;
Stories that well may suit Aonian lyres,
And like Apollo's airs, cause sweet desires.

BOOK III.
The Pathetic Conclusion.

Thus have I sung of York; and in my rhymes
Mix'd prime affairs with ancient Roman times.

* * * * * *

What I have done is not for love of praise
Nor profit, more than useful at these days;


8vo. pp. 104. Numerous wood-cuts on the letterpress. [R.D.]

The latest of Gent's projects was announced in the followingprospectus of a work which was not destined to see thelight:—

LVI.There has been, some time, fitting for the press,
The ANCIENT and MODERN HISTORY of SAINT PETER'S Magnificent CATHEDRALin the famous City of York, extracted from Records of the Church.

In Three Books.

Previously treating,
I. From Heathenism till the birth of our B. Redeemer.
II. Of Kings and Archbishops erecting the Minster.
III. An alphabetical list of decay'd Monuments: Where the dead aredeposited; whether in the Eastern or Western Isles; the archedChantries, North or South; the middle Transept or passages on eachside the altar; if in the Choir, or before the regal door; thestupendous Nave or Western Body, with its venerable adjacencies;internally surrounded by heraldic Coats of Arms, painted windows,&c. and of the fine tombs to be seen at this day.

Ante mortem beatum ne prædicesquenquam.

Eccles. xi. 29.

Deserving well Fame's breath, how beautifulis Death!

The second Edition, with Emendations.

Whereby, with its turrets, towers, and steeples,it externally appears to be one of the most delectable Gothic Templesin the whole universe. Designed as an entertaining Pocket-Companionto curious Travellers into the Northern parts.
Diligently compiled by THOMAS GENT, Printer; belonging to Mr. ALLEN'SHospit. Ætat. 74.

The names of intended purchasers may be printed, if sent. But as notime is limited; so no money will be required 'till Delivery; unlessthe noble ambition of the poor Author for spreading honour of thisamiable place be charitably considered: When, also, the volume of theE. Window, long suspended thro' distress, will be exhibited. A workoccasion'd thro' pungent necessity; and 'tis humbly hop'd, will meetwith candour, mercy, and compassion.
8vo. l page. [R. D.]

A short time before the appearance of this prospectus Gent wasnominated one of the recipients of a fund called Allen's Charity,which secured to him a stipend of ten or twelve pounds a year for hislife. Mr. Drake, the historian, was one of the trustees of theCharity, and to him, there is no doubt, the poor printer was chieflyindebted for an addition to his income which would contribute much"to smooth the harsh severities" of his declining years. From Mr.Drake's professional skill Gent gratefully acknowledges that hederived great benefit when he was suffering from an acute and painfuldisease. In a note to his prologue to Jane Shore he speaks of Mr.Drake as "a gentleman whom I have reason to esteem for his greathumanity to me when an out-patient of the county hospital,* by whichI happily found inexpressible relief."
* Mr. Drake was an Honorary Surgeon of the York CountyHospital.

The following works were from Gent's press, but being without datesthey cannot be chronologically arranged.

LVII.A CALL to REFORMATION, or God's Compassion to a sinful peopleconsidered, in a Discourse from Hosea xi. 8.

How shall I give thee up, Ephraim?&c.

With a letter by way of dedication to the ReverendMr. Mason, Vicar of Trinity Church in Hull; and to the religiousSociety who join with him in promoting and endeavouring to encouragethe work of Reformation in that place.
Isaiah lv. 3. Hear, and your soul shall live: and I will make aneverlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David.

Non magna loquimur sed vivimus.

YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, and sold by GeorgeFerraby, Bookseller in Hull.
12mo. pp. x. 14. [E. H. ]

LVIII.The ACADEMY of Useful WIT and KNOWLEDGE, being the Delight of themost ingenious amongst Young Men and Maidens: Or, a New Book of MerryRiddles. Very innocent and merry to pass away Summer Evenings, andlong Winter Nights, and convenient to intice children and others, tolearn to spell and read most accurately.
YORK: Printed and sold by Thomas Gent.
Small 8vo. pp. 24. [E. H.]

LIX.THE ENGLISH ARCHER: or ROBERT EARL of HUNTINGTON, vulgarly calledRobin Hood.
I'll send this arrow from my bow,
And in a wager will he bound
To hit the mark aright, although
It were for forty hundred pounds:
Doubt not I'll make the wager good,
Or never believe bold Robin Hood.
12mo. No imprint. Title, Verses addressed to all Gentlemen Archers,Preface signed S. M., and Table, 3 pages. Robin Hood's Garland, pp.4—80. [E. H.]

An excessively rude wood-cut of an archer on the title-page.

The Garland consists of the twenty-four songs which form Part II. ofRitson's Collection of Poems, Songs, and Ballads, relative to thatcelebrated English Outlaw Robin Hood. The text of Gent presentsnumerous variations from that of Ritson, showing that he printed froma different authority, probably from one of the chap-books current inhis day.

LX.The FAMOUS OLD BALLAD or History of the Battles of FLODDEN-FIELD,which were fought between the English under the Earl of Surrey in theabsence of King Henry VIII. of England (who was fighting in France),and the Scots under their valiant King James IV. of Scotland, who wasslain in the said battle in the year of our blessed Lord 1513.Containing the valiant and renowned actions of several Lords,Knights, and Squires

Part I.

YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent.
12mo. [E. H.]
Title, Dedication "to the Gentlemen, Yeomen, and others on theBorders of Yorkshire, and the Borders and Fells of Lancashire," andArgument, 2 pages. The poem is in four parts, each having a separatetitle, and containing pp. 24, and each part is headedthus:—The famous History or Ballad of the Battles fought inFloddon-Field, &c. Taken from an ancient manuscript which wastranscribed by Mr. Richard Guy, late schoolmaster of Ingleton,Yorkshire. Several wood-cuts on the letter-press.

LXI.PATER PATRIÆ: being an Elegiac Pastoral Dialogue occasioned bythe most lamented death of the Late Rt. Honble. and IllustriousCharles Edward, Earl of Carlisle, &c. who departed thistransitory life at Bath, on Monday, the first of May, A.D. 1738, aged68. In which is included His Paternal advice to the Noble Lord Henry,his Son and Heir. Together with an Historical Discription of the mostdelightful works, contrived by his Lordship, relating to theSumptuous Palace, beautiful Walks, Groves, Images of the HeathenDeities, Obelisks, Pillars, Gardens, Fountains, with almostnumberless charming Decorations, to compleat the rural Scene, theGlory of this Northern Country.
Written by Thomas Gent, of York.
Qvhta ta tvn qvhtvn kai panta paracetai hmas.

Obiit heu! obiit. HOWARDUS; Flendusomnibus

Printed, and sold by the Author.
Small 8vo. pp. 18. [E. H.]
Reprinted from the Appendix to Gent's Historia Compendiosa Anglicana.See p. 196, antea.

LXII.The HISTORY of the LIFE and MIRACLES of our Blessed Saviour, JESUSCHRIST; from His birth to His Crucifixion, as also the Lives,Sufferings, and Death of the Evangelists and Apostles.
Taken from the Holy Scriptures and the learned writings of EminentDivines of the Church to these Times. With explanatory Notes,relating to those Prophets, who foretold of our Blessed Saviour'scoming upon the Earth. By T. G.
Also the Respect, even of Heathens, shewn to our Blessed Saviour: Asa letter of Invitation sent to Christ by King Agbarus: with ourSaviour's Answer. And another letter sent by Publius Lentulus to theSenate of Rome concerning our Redeemer's Person, Doctrine, Miracles,and Behaviour.
Done into verse for the delight and improvement of the weakestCapacity, and not unworthy the perusal of the most knowing. The likenever comprehended in so small a volume before, and is particularlyadapted to the Memory of Children.
YORK: Printed and sold by Tho. Gent.
12mo. pp. 24. [J. R.] [E. H.] On p. 13 a wood-cut ofthe Crucifixion.

LXIII.RELIGION and LOYALTY: Or Pious Hymns due to British Royalty. BeingFaithful Subjects Joy for the King's Birth-Day, and the 6th ofOctober appointed for His Coronation. Set to Musick. Being a GrandChorus, with proper benedictive Additions. Necessary to be stuck upfor the perusal of pious People.

Nunc ecce venit Cæsar amabilis.

PRINTED by Thomas Gent, Author of the pathetickPrologue spoken at his Benefit in Thursday-Market, York.
Broadside. With wood-cuts, and a musical notation to the first verseof God save the King. [R. D.]

LXIV.ORDERS to be observ'd by the Governors of the House of Maintenance,for the Poor of DONCASTER.

also

Rules to be observ'd by the Master and Mistress.and
Orders to be observ'd by the Poor, in the said House.
YORK: Printed by Tho. Gent, at his Printing Office, in Coffee Yard,near the Star Inn, in Stonegate.
A Broadside. [E. H.]

LXV.The CUSTOMS and ORDERS of the LORD MAYOR, Aldermen, Sheriffs, Fourand Twenty, and Commons of the City of York.
Touching the wearing of their several Gowns, and the several Treatsor Entertainments at Elections, and Admittance into Counsel, andother antient Customs.
PRINTED by Thomas Gent, for the use of this antient and honourableCity.
Small 8vo. pp. 20. Wood-cuts on the letter-press. [R. D.]

LXVI.At the NEW THEATRE on the Lord Irwin's Yard.

Timon of Athens, or The Man Hater.
Beginning exactly at six o'clock.

YORK: Printed by Thomas Gent, in Coffee-Yard nearStonegate.
A play-bill.

LXVII.The ARTICLES of a CHARGE to be given to a Jury at a Court Baron.
YORK: Printed by Tho. Gent, for the Author.
Note. The charge at the Court Leet will also serve for the charge atthe Sheriffes Tourn or Hundred Court.
Small 8vo. pp. 18. [E. H.]

LXVIII.The ARTICLES of a CHARGE to be delivered to a Jury at aCourt-Leet.
YORK: Printed by Tho. Gent, for the Author.
Small 8vo. pp. 28. [E. H.]

The following tract was most probably Gent's latest publication. Ashe intrusted it to the hands of another printer we may conclude thathe had no longer a press of his own, or, if he still possessed anyprinting materials, he had become incapable of usingthem:—

LXIX.DIVINE JUSTICE and MERCY DISPLAYED.
Set forth in the unhappy Birth, wicked Life, and miserable end ofthat deceitful Apostle, JUDAS ISCARIOT; who for thirty pieces ofSilver betrayed and sold his Lord and Master, Jesus CHRIST.Shewing,
I. His mother's dream after conception; the manner of his birth; andthe evident marks of his future shame.
II. How his parents, inclosing him in a little chest, threw him intothe sea, where he was found by a King on the coast of Iscariot, whocalled him by that name.
III. His advancement to be a privy-counsellor, and how heunfortunately killed the King's son.
IV. He flies to Joppa; and, unknowingly, slew his own father; forwhich he was forced to abscond a second time.
V. Returning a year after, he married his mother; who knew him to beher child by the particular marks he had, and by his declaration.
VI. And, lastly, seeming to repent of his wicked actions, he followedour blessed Saviour, and became one of his Apostles; but afterbetray'd Him into the hands of the Chief Priests; and, then,miserably hanging himself, his bowels dropt out of his belly.
With Meditations on the Life and Death of our B. Saviour.

Quis talia fando
Temperet à lacrymis?
VIRG. Lib. ii.

But who the Sufferings of Jesu bears,
Can cease from sighs, or stop his falling tears ?

By Mr. Thomas Gent, Author of the History of York, in 1730; those ofthe fine Scriptural Great Eastern Window of the magnificent Cathedralof St. Peter; Rippon, and Hull; a Pastoral Poem on the death of theEarl of Carlisle; and of Castle-Howard, St. Winefred's Well,&c.
Originally written in London at the age of 18; and late improved in80.
YORK: Printed at the New Printing-Office, in Fosgate,* 1772.[Price Twopence.]
12mo. pp. 24. [J. R.] [R. D.] On p. 24 a wood-cut ofJacob's Dream.

* The printer was probably Thos. Mitchelson, who had a pressin Fossgate in 1758.

[Poetical pieces byThomas Gent, printer, of York. [York?, 1772?]{UNC-CH}]

[The pious and poeticalworks of ... T. G.
11 pt. By the author: York, Scarborough, 1734-72. 120]

[Poetical Pieces by Thomas Gent [Comprising 'HistoricalAntiquities', 'The Contingencies, Vicissitudes or Changes of thistransitory Life", and 'Divine Justice and mercy displayed'. With anengraved portrait.]

The last twenty years of Gent's protracted existence seem to havebeen spent in a perpetual struggle against the miseries of povertyand sickness. Whilst he was passing his History of the East Windowthrough the press much of his time was occupied in going from houseto house at York and in the neighbouring villages, distributingcopies of his prospectus of that work, and soliciting subscriptionsfor it, and endeavouring to sell lists of common carriers and otherephemeral tracts of his own printing. He did not even refuseeleemosynary offers of meat and drink.* At a later period he stoopedto ask for parochial relief, but that was necessarily denied to himso long as he persisted in retaining possession of his house andgoods in Petergate. In the following letter we have his owndescription of the straits to which he was reduced a few years beforehis death:†—
* A paper in the old man's handwriting, affixed to the MS. ofhis life, contains these memoranda: "Friday, Sept. 7, 1769, I soldsome carriers' lists; one to a gardener near Clifton; one to theWell-house near Fulford. Monday, 10th, went to the house of theJustice to beseech his subscription to my History of the East Window,who could not be spoke to, being not well. To Heslington I went anddistributed papers for my book. Mr. Humpleby's spouse gave me a glassof drink so did Mrs. Davies, with veal and apple-pie. Then came hometo York."
† There can be no doubt that this letter was addressed toPeter Johnson, esq. Recorder of York, who had been the aged writer'sfriend in many of his difficulties. Gent has preserved a copy of itin a sort of commonplace-book, which he used for entering literaryextracts, recipes, &c. The volume is now in the possession ofEdward Hailstone, esq.

HONOURED SIR!
Your goodness to me in several exigencies, takes from me the power ofwords, which cannot express my warm sense of gratitude that is owingto you; and the usage I receive from my bitter enemies, cruel as itis, would not be so pungent, only that it dispirits, prevents myendeavours, and I know not how far they may proceed to ruin my worthydesigns, that never wrong'd any person whatsoever. Ever since LordAllanson,† when my sick spouse, my own illness, and want ofusual business, had render'd me an object that even the King ofTerrors might be frighten'd at; they, mad at the indulgence whichthat worthy magistrate display'd, begrudg'd me the charity ofsacramental provision, tho' once an officer as well as they, whichthey willingly gave to worthless persons; but continued to show theirdisregard, because I would not part from my habitation, nor indeedwas able to remove or dispose of, without great disadvantages.
† Alderman John Allanson, Lord Mayor 1758 and 1775.
By industry and many weary steps, God knows! I havesought relief in order to publish what I intend: and I was but[just] recovered from my heavy pains, by the unsought forprovision of an Hospital* which my eminent friends,—the LordAlmighty bless them for ever!—have procured, but I wasattacked by a summons by them from his Lordship; whose good nature,in hearing what I since spoke to him of their unkind usage, I judgeneither was, or is, my enemy, so much as they would desire.Erroneously was I represented as to my rents, which I neither do orcan get; tyrannically threaten'd, without just occasion; norascertain'd what to pay, but left to the mercy of some base fellows;who neither consider my age, want of business, and insufficient humanhelp, to answer their demands. I could scarce get half a crown, anannual legacy of one Madam Ascough, who us'd to send me bread andcoals, especially at Christmas, without much repulse. And in the lateholidays Mrs. Belingham's legacy of about 12s. 6d. to housekeepers,which I enjoy'd for several years, paid by Mr. Bows, and which thegood Mr. Sheriff Hildyard† assur'd me was for my life; when Iapplied to Sheriff Marfleet, I was bid to get out of his house, tho'I with tears told him that it would help to pay the land-tax andpoor; and that I was put to it to satisfy for interest and principalof a bond with other matters, that at present render'd [me]worthy of his tender compassion, not to deprive me of what othersthought me worthy of; at last he vouchsafed to give me two shillings:and thus, with laying on impositions and taking from me, rentswithheld and trouble by tenants, and other incumbrances, I am like tobecome miserable thro' wrongs and misrepresentations. IfM——t had been bred a true gentleman I should have beenmore concern'd: as he is, I pray Heaven I may never come beneath thepower of any wretch to turn me out of my dwelling, which I am nowmost willing to part with, since by such more disabled to defend,considering my repairs, withholding my rights and exactions.
* Allen's Charity. See p. 222, antea.
† Mr. John Hildyard, the bookseller, had served the office ofCity Sheriff in 1742-3, and Mr. Thomas Marfitt, a drysalter, in1754-5. By courtesy they retained the officialtitle.
Honoured Sir! I I write not these complaints upon no other reasonthan to show I dread being reduc'd to my former melancholy condition,if they thus proceed from one thing to another, as if I was a personin business, of which I have been depriv'd for some years past; andmight have been utterly undone, were it not for the great beneficenceI have received, well known to yourself, whom the power of Heavenraised in my defence.
I intend to keep much at home, at least, not to give offence tosuperiours, who I trust will not be offended, if I take the benefitof my freedom when anything occurs to please the publick or mybenefactors.
I beseech you, Sir, not to be offended at this freedom; without anyview but only to let you know how I am used. I was joyful to beholdyou settled in your new habitation; so additional a beauty, with myLord's, to this ancient city.* Long, very long, may you, yourexcellent lady and yours, enjoy the blessings of tranquillity in thisworld; and when the Divinity pleases, an unmarcessile palace ofpleasure in that which is to come,
I am
Honoured Sir!
Your most humble Servt.
[THOMAS GENT.]
who desires to be content with very little, as to my way of living onmy profits lately, having some days scarcely by Almanacks got3d.†
I assure you I desire nothing extravagant, my tenants act by me, that(unknowing of law) I can neither get 'em out or my payments of 'em.If I could I would lodge elsewhere, any place to be easy, and shut itup till I could let to one good tenant.

* Gent alludes to two handsome mansions recently built inCastlegate nearly opposite to each other One was erected by theRecorder and the other by the Lord Viscount Fairfax.
† "Life to preserve I'm forc'd to walk the street,
And gladly sell to all that buy I meet.
A London stationer train'd, my bread to get
Now running one, a moving epithet."
Gent's prologue to Jane Shore, p. 15.

Gent has preserved a catalogue* of the books with which he appears tohave filled every hole and corner of his narrow dwelling. To thesecherished companions of his life the old printer clung as tenaciouslyas to the house which contained them. He was willing to endure allthe bitter pangs of poverty rather than part with one of these silentfriends which had been for so many years his solace and delight.
Teachers of wisdom I who could once beguile
His tedious hours and lighten every toil.
* In the commonplace-book already mentioned. The number ofseparate works of which his small library consisted did not muchexceed a hundred.

The death of Thomas Gent took place at his house in Petergate on the19th of May, 1778. He was in the 87th year of his age. His last willand testament bears date the 29th of April preceding. After directinghis debts, funeral expenses, &c. to be fully paid, he thusproceeds:—"I give and devise to my most worthy friend andbenefactor Peter Johnson, Esquire, and Recorder of the city of York,all that my house situate in St. Peter's-gate in the same city withall its appurtenances; and I bequeath to the said Peter Johnson allmy books, implements of my trade as a printer, household goods, andfurniture of every kind. I also give and bequeath to my nephew ArthurClarke, of the city of Dublin, printer, and a freeman of the city ofYork, (if he be now living) twenty pounds, and unto Maria Webb, ofthe said city of York, spinster, ten pounds as a gratuity for hercare and diligence over me at the time of this my illness, and whichsaid two legacies to be paid at any time after my decease, as shallbest suit the convenience of my worthy executor hereinafter named,hoping he will take this trouble upon him, being my last and earnestrequest; and I desire to be privately buried near the remains of mydear wife in Saint Mary's-gate church-yard without Bootham Bar; and Ihereby appoint the said Peter Johnson sole executor of this mywill."

Mr. Johnson renounced the executorship, and the will was proved atYork on the 27th of June 1778, by George Clarke, of Dame-street,Dublin, goldsmith and jeweller, to whom administration was granted,as nephew and only next of kin of the testator.
Gent's wish that his body should be laid in the church-yard of St.Olave, Mary-gate, "near the remains of his dear wife," was notcomplied with. He was buried in his own parish church of St.Michael-le-Belfrey, where more than fifty years before he and hiswife had wept together over the grave of their infant and onlychild.